Morris’ letters: 7 January 1815 – discharge matters, stupidity of Cardigan postmaster



R. 15th of Instant

Gosport 7th Jany 1815

I Received your letter Dated 1st Inst on  the 6 of the same with the order of one Pound  Nineteen Shillings and eleven pence which I received of the Postmaster of Gosport, with great  Trouble because the order was not filled propaly the Name of the Person who paid them in the Post Office at Cardigan Should be  mention in the order, Instead of the order  was blank, The Pos Master asked me what was the  reason of the Postmaster of Cardigan being so stupit, and I told him I did not know but  I thought is was wanting of larning and then  he laughed at me – Dear Father I dont know what to say Conserning my Discharge, I dont think I shall ever have it without you will have some Gentleman to write to member of Parliment for my Discharge I have nothing  Particular worth to relate at Present, my last letter was according to out only the order was  inside of it and they have found it out and Charged Double  Price for it –

There is 4 or 5 Regiments Embarked here last week for America I dont know whether we shall go with this Fleet or not

I have asked you in 3 or 4 letters of my Brethren Daniel and Caleb but never have no answer of it, I am very sorry to hear of my Mother being sick I hope she is beter before  now and hoping that I shall have the  Opportunity of seeing you both before the  time that God think Propor to call you to  Depart from this world, I hope you will do  your best towards my Discharge let me have  your answer as soon as posible and evry thing  Particular no more at Present from your son

Morris Williams

Morris’s letters: 29 January 1815 – discharge matters, troops in town



R. 12th of February

Gosport 29th January 1815

I Rec’d your letter Dated 16th Instant on the 22nd of the same and am glad to find that you  are all enjoy your usial health as this leaves me at Present, am very glad to hear that Tho’s Glanpoolavon has wrote for my Discharge I have not hear a word of it yet, but I hope I shall soon.

I heard that this Regiment is to be Redused to 5 hundred and if that will be there will be about 5 hundred Discharged and then I hope I shall have my Discharge, This Colonel Delmer Refuse to make an Aplication for no man untill the Head Colonel of the Regiment will join his Name is Ellis and he will join in March, There is an orders from the Commander in Chief that he wont Grant for no man to have his Discharge without the Permision of the Commanding Offcier of the Regiment

There was 4 or 5 Regiments of Embarked in this Town about 3 weeks ago and they laid  in the Harbour till last week they Disembark again in the same place they dont want no Troops in America now because it is Peace on the foot but not Properly setled yet I have nothing more to say at Present I have not heard only once from Thomas since he was Discharge, write back soon no more

Morris Williams

N.B. I have keep this letter 7 days after wrote  if expecting a letter from my Brother

This morning I Rec’d a Letter from Thomas my Brother he is well and harty with a Genteelman in Chester and he said in his letter that he would write to you the same day as he wrote to me, I think it is beter for me to be sinlence about my Discharge now untill the Reduction will Take Pla[ce]

M Williams

5th Feb’y 1815

Morris’ letters: 20 March 1815 – en route to Holland, thoughts of discharge put on hold



R 26th of March

Gosport 20th March 1815

Dear Father and Mother

I hope these few lines will find you all  Enjoy your usial health as they leaves me at  Present I am sorry to acquaint you of our sudden Movement yesterday we had orders for being in Rediness for Embarkation in few days and we expect to Embark between this and  Sunday 26th Instant, We are for Station in Holand and the tells me that is avery good  Place for a soldier, I have nothing Particular worth to relate at present as soon as I shall  Arive there I shall write to you again, it is  no use for you to write to me untill you shall hear from me again, it is no  use for me to think of my Discharge for some time untill we shall come back  to England again, dont let my Mother hear of me leaving England, only my Brother William, tell Thomas of Glanpoolavon that  I am very mush oblege him for what he has dun for me but it is all in vain no use for me to trie to get my Discharge

There is about 2 Hundred of the Regt  to stop in England as a Recruiting Company  I have no more to mention at Present  I shall give you a Derection to write  to me in the next letter when you write to Daniel and Caleb Remember me to them I Remain your Dutiful son

Morris Williams

Corpl 23rd Regt foot

Daniel’s letters: 22 January 1815 – health, weather, and price of food



R. 27th of Instant

January 22nd 1815

Dear Father and Mother

Your letter Dated 20th of December I received on the 24th and very sorry to hear of your unhealthy I hope you are better at this time,

I have no news to inform you of but we are in our usual health and in great hopes of the same comfortable account in your answer to this

We have heard the weather is very unfavourable there and the snow is six feet deep I do no whether is it true or not. We have no snow here of any account before this week and yet not much,

I have nothing in particular to i[n]  form you but wish you write as soon as opportunity will permit and remmember me to my friends I am verry sorry because I have no new to inform you I hope you will get some thing  for  I am fond of news

S. Williams sent a present to Uncle of red salmon and two dozen of herrings for which the carriage came to 6s we can have good herrings here for 6s per 100 prime once

Market price Beef 9d,  per pound Mutten the same best salt butter 19d  Cheese from 10d  to 14d  eggs 2d  ½ piece bread get cheaper and the coal so no more at present from your most obedient Dl  Williams

[John Williams, Daniel’s father, writes]

Answer to this February 1st 1815

Your Dated the 22nd of January came to hand 27th of the same and it was good with us to hear that yours all Enjoy your usual health, your Mother is little Better but I am – worser great Deal I cannot walk a step without two stafs

Died Davies Treleddin Rector of Llanihangel, 29th of December last 75 years of Age on the 18th of Instant Daughter of Velinwrdan she was a wife in Cardigan at Pendre Aged 31 years on the 11th of the same Jemy Bridell Aged 25 years on the 18th Bett wife of Will minache Aged 29 years

The weather is with us is snowy and frosty since three weeks and not much snow, Fear God and Honor the King


John William

Try to make David Ty Gwynn to write to his father and Mother for they are unEasy about him

to Houndslow

Daniel’s letters: 26 February 1815 – parents’ health and news from home



R. March 3rd

Hounslow February 26th 1815

Dear Father and Mother

I received your Mournful letter on the 5th Instant and very sorry to heard such a sad news for which I am uneasy, particular of James George such healthy young man I wish to know of what disorder has he died and whether he meet with an unfortunate accident or not I am entirely sorry for him and his frinds –

I have no news worth notice to inform you of but we are in our usual health and hope to hear the same comfortable news from you in answer to this.

I have saw in the newspaper of Mr Williams Cumgloyn is the Sheriff for Pembrokeshire this year and Herbert Evans Dolebach I believe for Cardiganshire I think I shall go to Landon in space of few weeks most likely shall see D. Davies I shall desire him to write home –

I wish you to write as soon as you can and the news the Country produce –

Your ever Dutiful

Dl  Williams

[John Williams, Daniel’s father, writes]

March 5th 1815. Yours Dated 26th of February came to hand 3rd March in which we have the favourable news of that you Enjoy your usual Health, I hope  you  shall Enjoy it as it is in common course

Your Mother is in bed now this fortnight and now being little better, I since christmas cannot put down nor put on my Dayly Clothes. and cannot go, and come from  bed without help.

It is nesesary to you to have this History Concerning Griffith George of Lanreny and his wife they Died both, Griffith Died in the summer 1813 and left three child, Charlotte David and Thos then Thos  Bridel and David Llantood concern for the fatherles, and gave the farm up to his proprietor and sold the whole by Auction, and quit it Micholmas 1813. And then Divide the Children between their relations Charlote to Llantood, David to Cum to his Grandmother and Thos in Bridell, likewise Charlote not like s place in Lantood was send to Bridell, they are all at Bridell now

On the 30th of October last James George complaineth that he was not healthy, they were liming that Days he went next morning to Bridge End with the cart and bring a load of Lime and go to Bed sick and grow worser and worser for a fortnight Doctor Beavans was there Day and night amost, he recover a week or nine Days then he grow worser little better and little worser in that state from the 30th of October untill the 11th of January

when Did he give to all was around s bed at Everlasting good night in the 25th year of his age, and Buried on Saturn  Day the 14th

then sunday monday the family was very Mournfull Tusday Morning Sally the wife and two of her Daughters, Bett and Sal, Complain that thy are ill in health, in about three Days after that Bett lost her sense and sal, was Deep in her Disease, Sally the wife was best and still, in a fortnight after that David Lanreny and is Brother Thomas went ill, they are now five ill, in this situation they not know what to do, in a short time they sent a message to Building near Strdmore for there is a Phisisan from London that Genteelman  come  to see them, and he say, my Oppinion for Bett is that she in short time will Die unles the ingredience ill give her Opperate such and such, and the two boy no harm on them. he came to see them after that time, and had bad Oppinion for Bett, and say is no harm on others

In about a week after that Sal Alter much, and was a fortnight in a very low condition and on Saturnday the 11th of February he followed his Brother James in her 20th year of Age and Buried on the 14th by his Brother side,

In few days after the Burial of Sal Louisa her sister went ill and no body can tell what will become of her, Thos of Lanreny is recover but David s Brother is in a bad condition, Bett is alive and not much more in the sight of many, there is five very sick at Bridell Thomas George and David s son is not well they are up

John William

David Michael ysguborfach Died last week, Jemy William John is in a very low state of health

Daniel’s letters: 2 April 1815 – Bonaparte in France, King Louis to Holland, news from home



R. 7th of April

Hounslow April 2nd 1815

Dear Father and Mother

Your letter Dated 5th of March I received on the 9th and very sorry to heard of your illness and in great hopes you are better in health at present

A wonderful news we heard of Boneapart came to france and the King Louis is gone towards Holand to meet the english Army several regiments of horse and foot soldiers is going over I hope they will done him

I have no news worth notice at present but Uncle s trouble with the rumitice I am very sorry to heard of Thos George’s family I hope they are better I have saw Morris Griffiths John Griffiths’s pentrebridel  son you tell his father he’s well and hearty remember me to my frinds and write to me as soon as you can –

Dl. Williams

[Owen Williams, Daniel’s uncle, writes]

my Good Brother we are again oblige to hear the Sound  of  Drums & trumpets the French rebels is recruting thier armice to Try again to Plunder all urope they are about bringing [to th]e Feild about 4 hundred Thousand of a side to this Sumer to Deceid the Contest for ambisiton Give any Best respects to my bother Thomas and accept of this few Lines to your selve

From your Brther Owen Williams

[John Williams, Daniel’s father, writes]

April the 15th 1815 Answer to this letter

Dear Brother

Your favour Dated 2nd of April came to hand on the 7th and am glad to hear of yours and my son, I and Esther [i]s  troubled with bodily Disability this long time she is Deal better than me she can walk with a staf in her hand scarce can I go from one end of the house to the other with two and often they carry me and put me in bed and help me to come from it there is something in my hip joints when I rise from a stool with two staffs scarcely can I moove a foot, and I cannot turn myself in bed without great pains, there is sound in my head as a noise of water and Ringing of Bells without pain in it,

They are well at Glanpoolafon and Cardigan Thomas your brother saw your last letter at our house

Daniel you see above how is it with us, you shall see under how is it in the neibourhood. Died on the 19th of March Dio son of Dio William sar of Kilgerran Cousin to the children of Bridell Aged 22 years allso David son of Griffiths George Lanreny was with s uncle in bridell on the 18th of April aged 18 years, I never saw nor heard such a event in this neighbourhood before James was buried on the 14th January Sal on the 14th of February and David Lanreny on the 12th of April three of the same house Loui still is in a very low condition no man knows what will come of her, this fever begin in Thomas George’s house on the 30th of October last and not Depart the house yet

I think that you know the servant was at Velinganol when you left this contry his name was Jemy son of Jemy’r very handsom and good boy, and in service this year at Cumfrood and the fever take hold of him and Died on the 12th of Instant and many more Died in this neighbourhood,

Let me know in your next letter the common prise of the gunpoudr the pound the same as you sent home and tell where you saw Morris Griffith and what calling is now

John William

to Houndslow

15th of April


Daniel’s letters: 30 April 1815 – parents unwell, advice regarding treatment of Lameness



R. May 4th

Hounslow April 30th 1815

Dear, Father and Mother

Your letter Dated 15th of April I received on the 19th of the same And sorry to hear of your unhealthy situation and in great hopes you are better at present ,

I am very sorry to heard such mournful account of Tho\s/ George’s family, I have no news at present worth notice but all for war and the sound of fifes drums and trumpets we have heard again but I hope it will not last long

In concern of Morris Griffiths as he told me he chance to get rather tipsy and meet with the recruiting party and listed into the first Regiment of foot Guard ,

The Gunpowder I sent you is 3s 6d per lb I have not see D. Davies yet but I think I shall see him before long

I have nothing particular to inform you at precent but this we are in our usual health and hope you will write as soon as you can and remember me to my frinds –

Your most humble servant

Dl Williams

[Owen Williams, Daniel’s uncle, writes]

My good Brother I am sory to hear of your Lameness and would advice you to get a pice of  wite  Leather 8 inches over and put a plaster of Burgandy pich that is of brite yelow color and put it on the  hip  as warm as you can bare it and Let it be on untill comes of of his own acord

get it Rub with coars Touel as hard as you can bare it before you put the plaster on it is the rheumtism that is fix in the hip it goes by the Difrent Name of Sciatic in the […]ate of the Back it is Caled Lumbago I have reasson to hop that you will feind a Benefite from it I am with

Respect yor Brothr Owen Williams

[John Williams, Daniel’s father, replies]

Penralltddu May the 7th 1815 Answer to this

Yours Dated the 30th of April Came to hand the 4th of Instant and am glad to hear of your healthy situation, praise the Lord for his mercy,

I am so painfull that I cannot sleep night or Day since a fortnight, Chair and pillows is to hard for me to sit on them, that maks me to be in bed greatest part of my time, and cannot turn my self in bed without great pain, and I do not know what will come of me, Your Mother is very unhealthy but she is Deal better than me

I have great many thanks to you my brother for your advice to me of the plaster your relation in this neighbourhood is well and Hearty,

Daniel, Will your Brother meet in Cardigan with a young man called John Landwr and bids him to ask you can you find a work to him if he comes to Houndslow, he wants to go to some where, he is now work at the new mill in Cardigan

John William

Daniel’s letters: 21 May 1815 – parents’ health, death of uncle John



R. 26 of Instant

Houndslow May the 21st 1815

Dear Father and Mother

Your letter Dated the 7th of May I received on the 12th and very sorry to hear of your unhealthy situation and in great hopes you are better at present

We are in our usual health at present all but Aunt she scald her foot some time and not well but deal better than she has been I do not wonder at all at Mr Morris Morris’s behavior because I know the fellow before he cant live low life as well as anybody In cause of John Landwr I got nothing to do for him or else I would with all my heart, more than one half of the carpenters out of workin London at present I have been there this day fortnight I have saw D. Davies he is well and hearty so no more at present from your most obedient

Dl Williams

[Owen Williams, Daniel’s uncle, writes]

my good Brother I am Willing to render you any servis in my power Towards easing you of your Infirmity I would advise you to tack of ould Jamaica rum as much as your Constituion will Bare at Night going to Bed

I feel myself a gretet stiffier in my Joints than I use to be seven years Back when health is gone Life is painfull

I am in hops to hear of your been Better in the Nex Letter and

Remain yor Brther Owen Williams

[John Williams, Daniel’s father, writes]

Answer to this May 27th 1815

Yours Dated 21st of Instant came to hand the 26th of the same and was good with us to hear of you but am sorry to hear of my sisters foot I hope is Deal beter now, thank you for advise to me before and now I hope I shall meet a something that will Restore me to little health again,

[John Williams, Daniel’s father, writes]


Your Mother and me is more feeble than can you Imagine yet we are up Every Day and nothing but that and healp one another I can go now with two staffs from one End of the house to the other but they must  help me to and up from Bed since Christmas

I am sorry to tell you that your unkle John Thomas Rostowarch Died and buried at Meline 21st of Instant aged 70 years likewise Sally wife of Thomas George of Bridell Died the meeting at Blaenuweine meeting house on the 18th of Instant and Buried on the 20th aged 60 years, four Burial from the same house from the 14th of January till 20th of May last Instant

Is there any sectarys in Houndslow let me know in the next and what Denomination they are, I wants you to buy a book to yourself Prise seven shillings to subscribers and Eight shillings to nonsubscribers, by the name a plain view of the Unitarian Christian Doctrine in a series of Essays on the One God, the father and the mediator Between God and men the man Christ Jesus, by Richard Wright Unitarian Missionary, and sold in London by Mr  D. Eaton Bookseller 187. High Holborn. it is a good Book strive for it

John William

Daniel’s letters: 2 July 1815 – loss of men in the war and news from home



R 7th of July

Hounslow July 2nd 1815

Dear, Father and Mother

Your letter Dated 27th of May I received on the31st and very sorry to heard of your illness and in great hopes you are in better health at present, I have to inform you that I brought the Book you mention in your last letter and upon my opinion is a reasonable Book but many men about here would not fancy it much, I have nothing to inform you at present but the War is caried on with great severety, the last engagement Duke of Wellington lost upwards of 20000 men, Prince Blucher lost 16000 men they took upwards of 7000 french prisners and 250 pices of canan

Bounaparte lost upwards 30000 cavalry beseide foot soldiers,

I have no more to say at present but wish you all better health write as soon as you can and all the news – remember me to my frinds and relations We are in our usual health at present I am your most obdient

DDl  Williams

[Owen Williams, Daniel’s uncle, writes]

my good Brother I am Sory to hear of your Lamenes: which in all human Probability will folow you to your grave hear are Difrent profesors of Religon as Methodist Baptist pesbiterian quackers all adoring the Same God upon Diferent principle I am Severly handle with the rumatisim in the Sole of my right foot this Late Battle at watarloo in the Netherland hath been the most Severe of any Ever fought Several English Rigment 1020 Strong Could not muster 300 when they came of the filde of Battle

I am with respect Owen Williams

[John Williams, Daniel’s father, writes]

July the 7th 1815

My good People

Yours Dated the 2nd of July came to hand on the 7th of same, it was good with  us  to hear that you all Enjoy your usual health but my Brother I hope the severity is in your foot will abate before long

I am in the same situation Esther can walk and do something for her bread but I can do nothing

Caleb vist us in the night on the 29th of the last  from Millford and stay here till the 3rd of Instant and at two of that morning he went back to Millford the Brigg was mended in her Tackels, he was well then Will was with him to H[averford]west and horses now is the hay harvest in the nighbourhood

John William

Morris’ letters: 24 July 1815 – Waterloo



R. 9th of August

Camp Near Paris 24th July 1815

Dr Father and Mother I hope these few lines will find you all  in your usial health as they leaves me at present Thanks be  to the Lord for protect me that Dagerous day I was in the 18th June

To give you as Short account as I can of our Traveling to this  Place, On the 16th June at 7 oClock in the morning we had the  Route to march Imediately from Grammont in Flanders to join  the Grand Army Marched on that day till 11 oClock at night and  halted for about 5 houers next morning march of till about  7 oClock in the Evning the 17th at which Time we joined the  Army which was in formation for Action we Imediately  found Line but nothing dun that night, on the 18th about  10 oClock the Battle Begun and Continued very hot till about  8 oClock in the evening at which Time the French Begin to  Retreat , The French was driven of thier Ground that  Night about 9 miles and Taken from them Great many  Prisoners and upwards of 100 pisis of Canon and next morning  we marched after them till we came to Paris and now  we expect to move shortly either to England or to some settlem[ent] Quarters in this country

Nothing more worth to relate  on 18th June we lost our head Colonel of the Regt his [name]  was Ellis and another Colonel wounded and one Major kile[d]  3 Captains kiled 3 Lieutenants Kiled Serjt Major killed  I canot give a propor account what number of men was  Killed that day ,

I shall expect your answer as soon  as possible I Remain your Dutiful son –

Morris Williams Corpl 23rd Regt


Derect to Corpl Williams No 2 Compy 23rd Regt
Devision British Army
Paris France


John Williams that was at home when I was is well and harty –

Posted Answer 10th of August to France