Daniel’s letters: 24 June 1813 – arrival in Hounslow, advice from father



1st – R 27th 40 minits pass 10 at night

Hounslow June 24th at 10 oclock

Dear Father Mother and Brother

This is to let you know I have my Jorney so well as I wish and have a fair wether in all my Jorney,

Dear Mother dont you trouble your mind about me I am well and hearty and I hope you the same, tell when William my Brother come home on thursday he come before night or not tell me in the letter, dont you wright a letter to me before I write you

Please to excuse my hand this time so no more from your most hummble son and servant

Daniel Williams

you have acount of my Jorney in the next tell to my Frinds I well and hearty

Daniel’s Arrival Letter came to Hand the 27th of June 40 minits pass 10 o clock at Night by Will Parkupus 1813. John William

[John Williams, Daniel’s father writes]

Answer to this 24th & the 27th of June 1813 the 1st & the 2nd Letters after his Departure which was on the 22nd of June and Arrived at Hounslow about 10 o clock Thursday Morning the 24th and saw’s unkle,  After Noon, July the 5th 1813.

Yours,  Dated 24th of June at Hounslow after your Arrival comes to hand the 27th and we then was Tranquil in our mind for you,  but your hand wrighting prooves that you are not in your usual Temper when you write them both

But as for your query in that concerning your Brother Will’m He was at home at Sun Set he and the Horses was well when he return from Carmarthen when he sent you there on Thursday 22nd of June,  I and your Mother was in our usual mode, Yours Dated 27th came to hand the 3rd of July in which we hear of your Reception with your unkle and your aunt Take you Care to follow their Advice in all things, take care to avoid bad companies be all ways sober keep your time be meek and humble and do unto all men as you would they should do unto you, and be serviceable to your Relations if something Calls, Remember to look in your Books and in your mensuration Copy and a Religious Books, ye shall not go after other gods, of the gods of the people which are round about you:

In the next letter tell was any Enquiry of your Education Transacted and  what  Branch in Carpentery Do you follow and what salary at P r  Day or week what is the Market  prise  of Corn Beef Chees & Butter and  what  do  you  pay the week for your Victuals, and where you put yourself up  in hounslow when you arrive there  or go to your uncle s house straitway or how Did you found him, They are at Glanpoolafon Cardigan Penrallthowel Passes thier usual health

The Bull of Wm Davies Treleddin gore his servant 28th of June and there is very little hope life in him Williams the shop keeper Opposite the Angel inn Cardigan Died the 1stof Instant 2nd of Instant the Cart of Dad . Phillip’s hendre upside on is servant and killed him Morgans Priest of Cardigan Bridel and Eglwysirow Died the 2nd of Instant it will be a woe  to  the Horses many of them was Drive hard before he was Dead, Candidats for Bridel are the young Bridestock of Blaenpant Mr Owens Cilvowyr Mr  Jones Killgeran, G. Griffiths Kilgeran Mr  Jones St Dogmeals Mr  Harries Pantudery Mr Thomas Nantgwyn and William Thomas for is son Griffith

John William

N.B. This Letter Posted 5th of July 1813 for Hounslow

Daniel’s letters: 9 August 1813 – Daniel’s arrival and work, powder mills, threshing machines, advice from his father




R. 12th Instant           4 of Daniel

[Owen Williams, Daniel’s uncle, writes]

No. 4 Chapel row Hounslow August 9 1813

Dear Brother I am sory that I could not write sooner for want of Time to furnice me with  materials to write Daniel arivde at Hounslow on the Thurday about 10 in the morning but so great was his Timerety and so shey of his ant that he Remaind at the Bel only 4 Door from my hous l untill I Came home from work Daniel work along with me at millriting from 5 in the morning untill 7 at Night 7 Days per week at the wages of 5s 3d  per Day

he Boards and Beds along with me sence he came he hath not take any of his wages up yet he hath 11£  5s  9d   in the gentelemen hands at this Time we have had no Time t’go to London yet we mene to go the Latter End of Nex week to bey some tools and Daniel a New Bever hatt

he is ready and willing and Doeth what Lays in his power to mack himself servisable and I will tak care that he shall not be Insulted by any body Daniel is to have 5s 3d  per Day until Nex spring and to have 6s  that is my agreement with the gentleman the Propriotor

Daniel or any other yong unexperience  hand  are not suford to go into any place wher ther is any Danger Whatever and I can tell you that he can handle his Tools Better than some we had hear before and now I tell you that gratittuds is allways paying and Never paid : give my Best respect to my Br[other] Thomas and his Famely and Do unto all men as you would wish to be Done unto & and accept of this From your Brther Owen Williams

P.S. any farther Information you may wish Let me nhow in your Nex Lettert his Letter we open it after seale him

1814 Llantood Amlygyn

Dear Father and Mother

I take opportunity to write this fue lines to you and hope to find you in your good state of heal thas its leves me at present And to inform you I recived your letter Dated 1st of August on 5th of the same and glad to hear of your health. I am sorry of my Mother trouble her mind about me I have plenty of everything I want I work at powder Mills now and we go before long to make a thrashin mashine to the same Gentleman for 2 horses and to thrash 20 sake of weat in 12 hours I not like you say to any of your Nibours what I do here

Barrack is near this Town and good many of light Horsemen  in thim no Solders quartred here only go on March I call my Uncle and my Aunt same as other men do Mr W’m  and Mrs Williams Your letters cost here 1s 1d  ½ Give my kind love to my Mother and to my Brothers. Your most dutiful obedient Son and Servant

Dl Williams

not much of carpenter work is here now

[John Williams, Daniel’s father, writes]

Answer to the Letter Dated by Owen 9th of August 1813 at Hounslow16 of August 1813

Dear and Kindly Brother and sister

Your kind and favourable letter Dated the 9th of August came to hand on the 12th of Instant I am much Oblidge to you  for  the good reception you give to Daniel I hope he will please  you  and my sister for so a good Entertainment We are here and at Glanpoolafon in Our usual health and in hope  these  lines meet you the same,  on the 9th of Instant  Phillip the brother of Daniel Nicholas Died at Trecwn in this parish, and so I conclude and accept of this my D. K. B. S. from your Brother

John William

[John Williams, Daniel’s father writes]

For Daniel 16th of August 1813

As I had inteligence of your livelihood with my brother you must take a care to please them for their charitable behaviour unto you, and be ready all ways when my brother or my sister calls. Take you care of yourself keep your time come home before night and be steady Practice yourself in spelling reading wrighting and in Numerical, and in all what maks some benefit to you I do look on your present situation Happy make your best to keep it in hand Your Acquintance Relations and James William of Greenstreet Cardigan Rand’s family Bid me to Remember to you

N.B. some hindrance meet us frequently I am a survayor this year and was on the road all this week and them at home was busy in reaping and have not a time to put this letter in the post house until this Day we are in the same situation as when we Date the above August 21st 1813 write back soon

This posted to Hounslow on the 22nd of Instant

Daniel’s letters: 27 September 1813 – Bonaparte taken prisoner, price of food in Hounslow



R 2nd of October

[Owen Williams, Daniel’s uncle, writes]

Hounslow Septembr 27 1813

Dear Brother I hop you will Excuse me for not writing to you sooner I have no Complaints to Exibit against Daniel what Ever he would sooner work by himself than be compeld to talk English to his shopmats of which he is Very Backwards by Daniel oun proposial he Boards himself & his ant Cooks for him I have incurege him in it as he may have more Conversation with the Inhabitance which alone will bring  him  soonr to Talk English

News reach London Last night that Bonaparte is taken by the Croun prince of Sweden a prisonor and most of his army Deserted and Dispersd which I sinserly hop to be true be that as it may it is certain that he has been oblidg to fley into the weilds of Bohemia for shelter and his Comuication with france is cut of my Best respects to my Br Thomas and his Family and acept of this to yourself

I reman yor Brothe Owen Willam

P.S. my good Brother any farther Informtion you would wish Let me nhow in yor Nex Letter the price of onion from 5£  10s  12  per Bushel & gallon –

Dear Father & Mother

Your letter Dated 4 of September I Recive on the 8th of the same and glad to hear of your health and hope you in the same health at present And to inform you I have my health very well here and I like this country  very  much, every thing is very dear shoe twelve Shillings pare Butter 1s  6d  fresh butter 1s  9d  cheese 1s  0d and 1s  2d  Bacon from 1s  to 1s  6d  Mutten from 10d  to 14d  Beef from 10d  to 14d Pork from 1s  0d  to 1s  2d  fat goose 8s  or 9s Nine Peny loaf last sumer now for 7d  ¾ – Excuse me for I so long not write to you I hope you write to me so soon as you can and every Particular news I like [to]   know

Pray give my Duty to my Mother and to my Brothers

I am Dear Father your most dutiful son and servant

D l . Williams

[John Williams, Daniel’s father, writes]

Answer to this Penalltddu. October 4th 1813

Dear Brother – yours Dated 27th of September came to hand on the 2nd of October and am glad to hear of your health, we are here in a moderate state of it, But as for Daniel I will leave it to your Disposal to teach 1 and Instruct him in the way of virtue and goodness call him to church with you to hear sermons and make him behave soberly and cleaver  I have many thanks to you and my sister for your kindness to me and him so no more God Blass you all

John William

[John Williams, Daniel’s father, writes]

Daniel my Addvice to you is to be Attentive to your Gardians and Do what they command be Ready to their callings if they want you and please them every time for such a wellcoming, On the 2nd of Instant we had a letter of Caleb from London Dated the 25th of Sept’r and Ready to sail for Portsmouth he was then in is usual health he do not know that you are at Hounslow, I hope you will come to talk to your shopmats with time take you care of yourself to preserve your health the winter commence Remember what your mother Bids you the 4th of September no more at present this 4th of October 1813

John William

Daniel’s letters: 7 November 1813 – Bonaparte is defeated





Recive November 12th 7th Letter of Hounslow

[Owen Williams, Daniel’s uncle, writes]

Novembr 7 1813

my Good Brother hoping these Lines will find you & your Family in good heath as it Leves one at present  Daniel goes on Very well and I think more reconsile to Inglish Neibors than he was at first

I am hapy to Inform you that Boneparte is Defeted in 3 Days sucsesive Fiting with the Empror of Russia prusia & austra he Lost about one Hundred & fifty Thousand in killed wouned and taken prisnor four hundred wagon of powder and amunision the king & quen of Saxony are taken prisnor and about 25000 Saxons have Desarted in the heat of Battle

the Duck of york pass though this Town Last Night on his way to Windsor and he tould the innkeeper where he chang horses that Boneparte is taken prisonor in comon souldir close by a rigment of russan Casacks Remember me to my Brothe Thomas & his famely and exept of this to your self & I remain your Brother Owen Williams

Posted an Answer to this the 14th of No’br  1813 to Houndslow

Dear Father and Mother

Your letter Dated 4th of October I recived on the 8th of the same and glad to hear of your Health I have nothing worthy of notice to advise you of. but this we are all in a good health and in great expectation of the same comfortable Account in your Answer to this.

Astonish thing happen here on October the 4th a man came by the powder mills and stole about six pounds of powder in little bag under his great coat and went to a publick house in Hounslow and drink some beer and was a man smoke a pipe close by him and the powder catch the fire and blow the room window and the frame clean out to the middle of the street and every window  was on the  House was broak and every glass and china broak all in to pices and the front wall was broak very bad and they oblige to build a new wall there.

A story about spirit a Gentleman farmers house was alarmed every night between twelve and one o’clock the chamber doors were thrown open the bed cloths pulled off the beds and the kitchen furniture thrown with violence about the kitchen to the great terror of the family insomuch that the servants gave their Master and Mistress warning to leave their places and some of them actually quitted their service this dreadful affair had lasted about six weeks when a young Gentleman who was there on a visit being in bed one night at the usual hour he heard his chamber door thrown open and a very odd noise about his room, he was at first frightened but the noise continuing a long time he became calm and laid still resolving in his mind what he had best do when on a sudden he heard the spirit cry under his bed which was immediately lifted up & this convinced him that there was some substance in the spirit on which he leaped out of bed secured the door and with his oaken staff belaboured the ghost under the bed as hard as he could untill he heard a female voice imploring mercy. on that he opened the chamber door and called aloud for a light the family all got up as fast as possible and came to his room he then informed them that he had got the spirit under the bed on hearing which most [….] were terribly frightened and would have run off [….] than they came but he assured them they had no[thing] to fear then out he dragged the half murdered [spirit]  from its scene of action. but how great was their surprise and shame when they discovred that this tormenting devil was no other than one of their servant girls about sixteen years of age who had been confined  to her bed  sevral months by illness. So no more at present

D l . Williams

I recived the letter you write in Will’s name I not know did  you recive the letter I Derect to him and I hope you not belive the d’m storis you hear in the harvest about me did you look on me such fool and gone be marry no, no, I know better I am sure I am old a enough about that you may depend Dio velinarayon I surpris of him d’n fool I cant give any other name to him

January hath 31 days

February – 28

March – 31

April – 30

May – 31

June – 30

July – 31

August – 31

September – 30

October – 31

November – 30

December – 31  __


Daniel’s letters: 17 October 1813 – powder mills, life in Hounslow




R 22nd


Hounslow October 17 1813

Dear Father Mother and Brother

This letter I send to you and hope to find you all in good health as I am at present And to advise you little of this place my Uncle is follow Millwrighting and my Aunt is Bonet maker and very strict England Church

And my Uncle is work at this mills now he been away from here ones with Mr  Fish and mean to built a mills at blackpool and when Mr Fish  Dead  he been some timeout of employ and he came back here again I belve he lost part of his regard when he went away from here he got a very large Garden at the Mills before and when he came back he lost the garden he work here at first for Mr Hill and he keep him like a Slave work in this work and promise him when he Dead left him one half of his Property and he sold the mills to Mr Butts before he Dead and he keep them now and when he Dead he left him £20 instead the one half of his Property he worth £3000000 when he Dead and left them all to Mr Fish

But whatever he live very well and keep nice Little House 2 rooms on the floor and two rooms  upstars and two garden one before the House and the other in the back and Paid £14  of rent

dont you Mention a word in your letters about this because they like to see your letters and to see the letters I send to you and I Derect this to Will and then he not want to see it and if you got any Secret say to me you write a letter and give to some body else to Derect it because they know your Hand writeing and then I say he is a letter from my Brother

my Uncle think of me as I was leyer because you told me to tell the truth and think I was unsobor there and not keep my for you told me to be Sobor here dont you say that no more I cant be nothing better for you told me

I board myself now I been 9 weeks upon their board and said 14s 0d per week for board and 2s 0d week for lodgings and pay in the yard where I work 2d for bason of Tea for breakfast and 3d for beer to Deaner the mills is almost 2 Mils from Hounslow I have no more to inform you Remember me to Griffth John and all my frinds

So no more at present from your most Dutiful Son and Servant

Dl . Williams

Daniel’s letters: 28 November 1813 – defeat of Bonaparte, counter-revolution, proposed visit to London, mother ill



R 4 of December

9th of Hounslow

[Owen Williams, Daniel’s uncle, writes]

Novembr 28 1813

Dear Brother & Sister

your son Daniel geose on Very well I have No complaint what Ever to ofer : I have to Inform you that I am touble with the Lumbago that is the Rumatism in the Back & hip which makes walkeing rathere Trublesome I am otherwaise in good health

I am hapy to Inform you that Bonaparte is Near Driven of Germany with the Loss of about 50000 of his Best troops 200 picese of Canon and about 300 wagon of amunison  &  provision A Counter revolution hath Borck out in Holand Sweden & Rusia has Infested it on one Side : and England will speedly Infest the other with 50000 English scocts & Irish

on the 16 of this month the Prince of orange set of for the Hage to take the rines of goverment in his oun hands after been Driven to this Contry 19 yeurs : Lord Wellington hath Infested the  inhabtance  of france on the South

I am With Respect your Brothe Owen Williams

Dear Father and Mother

I take Opportunity to write this fue lines to you and hope to find you all in good health as we at present. and to inform you I recived your letter on  the  17th of instant and glad to hear of your health and hope to have the same com-fortable account in your next letter

I have nothing worth notice to advice of I am very sorry of the Post office charge you double letter for my last I thought they cant charge double letter for one sheet.

We mean go to London about the later end of December and I want a chest to keep my tools and the men told me I can buy one in London cheaper than I could buy a timber to make one here. And I wish you to ask Alban dolegoch  the Derection to Thomas his son is in London perhaps he can derect me where  is the  best place to buy I have nothing more to advice you I hope you write to me every news so soon as you can and am your most dutiful son and servant

D l . Williams

[John Williams, Daniel’s father, writes]

Answer to this. December the 8th 1813.

Dear Brother & Sister

Yours Dated the 28th November came to hand on the 4th of Instant and am Sorry to hear that you are Trouble by the Reumatism I hope you will be Better with time. I hope that my Sister Enjoy her usual health, as I am at present, But Esther is ill in her health since the 11th of No’br  when a mournfull accident happen at our house. I hope I shall hear in your next letter   a more Comfortable news of your Complaint no more from your Dutiful Brother

John William

[John Williams, Daniel’s father, writes]

Daniel Your Mother was ill in health and was in bed a fortnight and now litle better  Every thing goes on here the same as usual. W’m  your brother was at Dolegoch with Alban Thomas and had the Direction to is son Thomas in London and I fold it up in this letter in is own hand writing, When you go to London and see David the son of Thomas Tygwin Bid him to write to his Mother and a Direction to them here that they may write to him, On the 29th of No’br a two farmar of the parish  Llanarth  came Down to Cardigan to make themselfs Burgess and do so and then they go to ate and drink and about one o Clock Tusday morning one of them calls horse out for to go home]  and ride down to milldan river and Drouned there the orse came up alive

on Thursday the 2nd of Decem’br  his son came to town to see for is father and when  he  heard of is father s fate he call for the town Creyer immediately Onld Jones came and he bid him to Cry through the Streets that who ever will find him and rise  him  from the water shall recived £20  Reward in the morning the 4th of Instant when the Ship Carpenters go to their work and look to the Tivy, one of Jaky Rees sons found the Drouned and take him up and Re’d the above Reward

Daniel’s letters: 19 December 1813 – a ‘mournful accident’, prisoners in Chatham



R 26 of Dec’br  10th of Hounslow

December 19th 1813

Dear Father and Mother

Your letter dated 8th of December came to my hand on 16th Instant and very sorry to hear of my Mother’s illness I hope she is better at this time

Dear Mother Uncle and Annt is very sorry to hear of your illness

I desire on you to send a letter to me so soon as possible to let me know how is my Mother now

Something in your letter I cant hardly understand 11th of Nov’br , when a Mournfull accident happen at our house I like know what was there then

Your last letter coast me double letter because you but the little paper in it

We all in our usual health and hope you the same I wish you to write the first opportunity you have to me who am

Your most humble son and servant D l  Williams

[Owen Williams, Daniel’s uncle, writes]

My Good Brother & Sister

Daniel goes on Very well wee  Intend to go to London soon after Cristmas

On board the prison ships at Chatam there is grat Number of frensh prisnors : Last week upon hering of the Defett of Boneparte some Declard for ould Lewis of Carbon some for Boneparte they at Last Came to Blows and grat Number were Killed on Both Side so you see if they  have  nobody to kill they kill one another: there is great Number rusian cosacks in holand

I am with respect your Brother

Owen William

[John William’s, Daniel’s father, writes]

Answer to this December 27th 1813

Dear Relations

Your s Dated 19th of Dec’br  came to hand the 26th of Instant and am Desirable to hear of your healthy situation, we are at home  as  usual. On the 14th of Instant Died Daniel Lazarus & Ann the wife of W’m  Oliver of Croesuforwn also Old Evan Rydgaled aged 95 years, My Brother Thomas was at Kilgeran fair one 12th of No’br  last and lost s pocket book from s Coat pocket and some number of Bank Bills in it Jacob Tryal lost 10£  from s pocket at Moigan fair and at the Serjant Inn in Eglusirow a theft commited and the man was Apprehended in New Castle the Same day and was Commited to Haverfordwest to the goal,

The Accident on the 11th of No’br  is as followeth, David son of JohnThomas Rhostowarch came to our house on the1st of the Month for to go to Penrallthowel for a Medicine the next Day and grow ill in is health Everyday and Died in our house on the 11th of the said month and buried in Meline, his Mother and s wife was at our house when he Died and in that time Esther was with the men and women in watching the Sick hath cold herself and went on horsback to the Burying place and came home that Evening and went to bed and be there near three weeks she is up now as she is use to be,

Jenet the Daughter of George Griffith Kilgeran Maried to John felinrolo last week Died W’m  Evan Glazier Cardigan

I am

John William

Daniel’s letters: 1 October 1817 – survey of Penralltddu





It is Necessary for me to let you know that the parish of Bridel Survayed that part of Penralltddu lieth in the said Parish to 11 acres and charged it to 10 of poor rate, from Easter 1817 to Easter 1818.

A Genteelman and a proprietor of Many Tenements within the said parish told, about the year 1777 that Bridel parish contains 3560 acres of land, in the following Ordor

John Symmons Esq’r _______ 800 acres

W’m Williams Esq’r _______ 660

James Bowen Esq’r ________ 600

Other Genteelmen __________ 1500         3560

Be please to see how often times 11 acres is in 3560 acres of land and put 10 on every 11 acres and then we shall see can they have the £80 they levied on the parish from Easter 1817 to Easter 1818 out.

Farther, 15s of Tythe on 11 acres of land or there about, what will be on 3560 acres at that rate


October the 1 1817

Ty Newydd dan nod 1820 Ymhare David r gweidd Mae u Ty hwn, os iw n bosible eigael, ac Adailiady led u tir a fyddo dano rhiwngddo a clawdd u fordd ai wyneb ati byd hyny n cynted (Court) rhyndoo ar fordd, Ac os Cymmanfa addaw ar ei throiymaled a chwy bydd yno ddigon o le ir gwrandawyr, yn y Ty ar cynted a bod u llafarwr n.y. fenestr gadair ym heb fined i caeiau neb, i gody Esgin glwyd, a charthenau, na sathru porfa, a thori clauddiau r cym-i-dogaeth, Tair blynedd arddeg a dau ugain, i eleni sydd erpan Adeailiadwyd Ebenezer gintaf ac mae r tir a rhoddwid at gladdu n agos i ddarfod a lawer ofeddau wedy ei hagor mwy nag un waith Ac ymhen Deng mlinedd a daigain eto rhwyf n gwled by parc David gweidd gwedy ei lanwy rhwng claddu ar Ty Newydd.

A phe byddau bosible i gael park David r gweidd byddau r Ty ar fan heb fod un bedd dano, Agna all un u ddweid mae nhad na mam na brawd na chwaer, nag cwirth na modrib, na chender na chnither na mab na merch, na ngwr na ngwraig, nag un ag sydd n dwyn, fordd Eglwyswrw a llwybr Cumbettws forddi Bridell a llwybir Trecwn i gifarfod yn u porth yna bydd u fynwent n cael ei chadw n lan fel gardd ir rhai sydd n huno

1820. 1820. 1820. 1820. James Thomas

Clywais diwedyd i fod Mr Lewes o Clynfiw n dweyd u byddau gwell oidy hyd nes u cair gweled pa fodd u byddau pethau n bod; Mae r gwr boneddig perchen tir ar wellhad, ag os gwell a wnaif e, mae n bosib u cair helaithy r fynwent achody r ty […]- harc David r gweidd, bydd u Marchdy i fod man lle mae, tebigid u byddau hyny n reswmol ir fath Cynillidfa luosg ag Ty n Ebenezer.

Ym hark bach David gweidd ymwrolwch ym grifhewch dros ir achos achos da idw adailiadeath ag os gellir ei gael iw r man Cwmivysa at godi r Ty newidd efe fydd ymhen 50 oflyniddau eto n llawn rhwng u Ty a chladdu, oblegid mae r tir a rhoddwyd at gladu gynt n agos i ddarfod, mae beddau wedy ei hail agor, yna eisiws, Ty llydan a wnewch heb loft tebig i, Ty Trefniddyon n Abertivy a chodiad n i lawr o gam i gam a nenfwd ceiling a fenestr bob talcen a phob ochor, ai wneithur e n hard a pryd ferth tell na, byddo lle i ddweid fod un peth n eise aied u Draul a elo ato, rwyf n disgiswil ir gymidogaeth glido, coed cerig a chalch n ddy dal, mae arnaf ofn fy mod gwedy ch blino, byddwch wych.

Daniel’s letters: 14 February 1814 – Bonaparte fights on



R 18th of February

11th of Hounslow

[Owen Williams, Daniel’s uncle, writes]

February 14 1814

My good Brother this will Inform you that wee are alive & well hoping you are the Same Various is the News from the Seat of war but Certain it is that Prussa austra & Russian army are got within 37 miles of Paris all the Pawers of Europe are Inclined for peace which Bonaparte alone would not Consent to

my Best respects to frinds & and aquaintace and acept of this of yourselve from

your Brother Owen Williams

[John Williams, Daniel’s father, writes]

Answer to this, Penralltddu Febey 21st 1814

My Good People

This is to Inform yours that the letter Dated the 14th of February Came to hand on the 18th of the same after a Month of Expectation,

What Ever I am Glad to hear of you, we are in our usual health here, Caleb went from Cork to Spain with a burden of horned Catles now this long time and did not return yet

John Bowen Tredeued  Married to Miss  Davies  of Bridge End Cardigan I told you in my last that John felinrolo Married on the16th of December last and Died on the 3rd of Instant in s fathers house, Elizabeth my sister at Glanpoolafon is ill in health and feeble in Body,

The Weather, December 26th litle freezy  and thick fog that Day and freeze a litle untill the 5th of January he snow and a gentle freeze till the 11th  he snow all Day till 9 o’Clock at night with Strong  north East  wind 14 South East by East wind gathered the snow to the hedges in a Deep heaps 15 Thaw a litle and the 16 and in the night between the 16th and the 17th begin to freeze again. on the 19th  he snow, on the 21 and 22nd North East by East Strong wind. all the High roads was Shut up from hedge  to hedge  from the 23rd till the 28th Thaw very gently. 29th  Sleeting all Day, from the 30th to the 13th of February a feebling Thaw, from the 13th  till the 20th freeze Every second night and sometimes every night the farmers cannot Ploughging thier lands, We had a welsh Newspapper in the Principality of wales under the name of seren gomer, printed in Swansea, he Travel from Cardiff to Hollyhead, James the Baker of Kilgeran and sexton of the parish fall in the hill of tivy and Died in the night on the 18th of Instant.

Your humble servant John William

Daniel’s letters: 20 March 1814 – powder mill manufactory, snow deaths at home



R 26 of March


Hounslow March 20th 1814

Dear Father and Mother

I take this opportunity to write this lines to you and in hope to find you in your good state of health as we are at present And to inform you your letter Dated 21st of Feb’r y came to hand 25th of the same and glad to hear of your health and hope you hear from Caleb before now. I have no new worth notice I have been in London 1st of March and I see D Davies  he was well and hearty and  I told him  to write home and he say he will the next Sunday,

I give you a little Description of this Manufactry in which is three fire engins two of them drive four pair of stones pice and other three pack them three engins they are destroy worth 100£ of coal in a week. leven Mills drive by watter and Mills where is wood  lignavita  instead of stones 18 pair in each Mill, three Mills drive by Horses –

I hope you write to me so soon as you can and every news and let me know wheres John Evans Kilgiran 123

David Moris Broyan and Tom W m  Johnat work now and let me know where is Cardigan Militia lays now and whether is D. Morris Married yet or not and all news you can find and let me know did you know the man has took up for rob Jacob Davies Trial, The Weather is very disagreeable freeze every night the frost not been out of the ground of three months is an old man in this neighbourhood say this is an old fashion winter

I am your most humble son and servant

D l . Williams

[John Williams, Daniel’s father, writes]

Answer to this. March the 26. 1814

This is to let you know that we are in a moderate state of health at present, and we hope these lines will find you all Enjoy the same Blessing, Yours Dated the 20th of Instant came to hand on the 26th of the same, Caleb Return from France after been a Burden of Horned Catle there from Cork, and have been very like to be taken by a American Privateer when they Return they lost thier Convoy Day before in a gale of wind, he write to me from Cardiff, and ask a Dirit on to write to you and I Did gave them to him. he Dated 23rd of February I had it on the 26th and Posted to him on the 27th of the same to Cardiff , 21st of February I Dated and posted last to you but this, the Old snow was visible by the side of the hedges and he frzees every other night till the 5th and 6th of March he snow and freeze till the 20th and now he is moderate weather, we did not sow any corn yet, John Evans Kilgerran is with W’m James and had a child from John Morris Blanurangell Daughter and not marry her, Tom W’m  John is at Swansea and he say when go from home he shall see you before he come back David Morris Married and he is at home, and was Discharged on the 24th of Instant from the old Militia for the virtue of Serving in the Loccal, at Chapel newidd meeting

Concerning D. Davis about the 24th or 25th of February a story came to our Nighbourhood that a man Died in a heap of snow on London Road to Cardigan some say it is at Kilcenin others says at Rhoyad in Radnorshire and the people found him first brought the Dead to the Church and not bury him soon that a people  may come  and see him to know him or not, Rachel Tygwin hear the story and begin to weep and say I am sure tis my son David is the man, on 11th of March Rachel […]  to Kilcenin and ask for the Dead the people of the place said is not here he is at Llansawel, Rachel came back, Tho s  his father went to Newcastle and Enquire with the pig Drovers about the Dead man in Llansawel the pig Drovers said in Royad is the man Died in the snow, Tho s  came home, and said so, Rachel then maks Tho’s  & John gare to go to Royad Tho’s  did go, and in two Days after Came a letter from David that he was well in London, the letter you bid him to write when you saw him in London 1st of March he say to you I will write next Sunday and that letter put them all at rest, and that letter came before Tho’s  came back.from Royad in Radnorshire some man Died there in the snow