Daniel’s letters: 27 September 1813 – Bonaparte taken prisoner, price of food in Hounslow



R 2nd of October

[Owen Williams, Daniel’s uncle, writes]

Hounslow Septembr 27 1813

Dear Brother I hop you will Excuse me for not writing to you sooner I have no Complaints to Exibit against Daniel what Ever he would sooner work by himself than be compeld to talk English to his shopmats of which he is Very Backwards by Daniel oun proposial he Boards himself & his ant Cooks for him I have incurege him in it as he may have more Conversation with the Inhabitance which alone will bring  him  soonr to Talk English

News reach London Last night that Bonaparte is taken by the Croun prince of Sweden a prisonor and most of his army Deserted and Dispersd which I sinserly hop to be true be that as it may it is certain that he has been oblidg to fley into the weilds of Bohemia for shelter and his Comuication with france is cut of my Best respects to my Br Thomas and his Family and acept of this to yourself

I reman yor Brothe Owen Willam

P.S. my good Brother any farther Informtion you would wish Let me nhow in yor Nex Letter the price of onion from 5£  10s  12  per Bushel & gallon –

Dear Father & Mother

Your letter Dated 4 of September I Recive on the 8th of the same and glad to hear of your health and hope you in the same health at present And to inform you I have my health very well here and I like this country  very  much, every thing is very dear shoe twelve Shillings pare Butter 1s  6d  fresh butter 1s  9d  cheese 1s  0d and 1s  2d  Bacon from 1s  to 1s  6d  Mutten from 10d  to 14d  Beef from 10d  to 14d Pork from 1s  0d  to 1s  2d  fat goose 8s  or 9s Nine Peny loaf last sumer now for 7d  ¾ – Excuse me for I so long not write to you I hope you write to me so soon as you can and every Particular news I like [to]   know

Pray give my Duty to my Mother and to my Brothers

I am Dear Father your most dutiful son and servant

D l . Williams

[John Williams, Daniel’s father, writes]

Answer to this Penalltddu. October 4th 1813

Dear Brother – yours Dated 27th of September came to hand on the 2nd of October and am glad to hear of your health, we are here in a moderate state of it, But as for Daniel I will leave it to your Disposal to teach 1 and Instruct him in the way of virtue and goodness call him to church with you to hear sermons and make him behave soberly and cleaver  I have many thanks to you and my sister for your kindness to me and him so no more God Blass you all

John William

[John Williams, Daniel’s father, writes]

Daniel my Addvice to you is to be Attentive to your Gardians and Do what they command be Ready to their callings if they want you and please them every time for such a wellcoming, On the 2nd of Instant we had a letter of Caleb from London Dated the 25th of Sept’r and Ready to sail for Portsmouth he was then in is usual health he do not know that you are at Hounslow, I hope you will come to talk to your shopmats with time take you care of yourself to preserve your health the winter commence Remember what your mother Bids you the 4th of September no more at present this 4th of October 1813

John William


Daniel’s letters: 7 November 1813 – Bonaparte is defeated





Recive November 12th 7th Letter of Hounslow

[Owen Williams, Daniel’s uncle, writes]

Novembr 7 1813

my Good Brother hoping these Lines will find you & your Family in good heath as it Leves one at present  Daniel goes on Very well and I think more reconsile to Inglish Neibors than he was at first

I am hapy to Inform you that Boneparte is Defeted in 3 Days sucsesive Fiting with the Empror of Russia prusia & austra he Lost about one Hundred & fifty Thousand in killed wouned and taken prisnor four hundred wagon of powder and amunision the king & quen of Saxony are taken prisnor and about 25000 Saxons have Desarted in the heat of Battle

the Duck of york pass though this Town Last Night on his way to Windsor and he tould the innkeeper where he chang horses that Boneparte is taken prisonor in comon souldir close by a rigment of russan Casacks Remember me to my Brothe Thomas & his famely and exept of this to your self & I remain your Brother Owen Williams

Posted an Answer to this the 14th of No’br  1813 to Houndslow

Dear Father and Mother

Your letter Dated 4th of October I recived on the 8th of the same and glad to hear of your Health I have nothing worthy of notice to advise you of. but this we are all in a good health and in great expectation of the same comfortable Account in your Answer to this.

Astonish thing happen here on October the 4th a man came by the powder mills and stole about six pounds of powder in little bag under his great coat and went to a publick house in Hounslow and drink some beer and was a man smoke a pipe close by him and the powder catch the fire and blow the room window and the frame clean out to the middle of the street and every window  was on the  House was broak and every glass and china broak all in to pices and the front wall was broak very bad and they oblige to build a new wall there.

A story about spirit a Gentleman farmers house was alarmed every night between twelve and one o’clock the chamber doors were thrown open the bed cloths pulled off the beds and the kitchen furniture thrown with violence about the kitchen to the great terror of the family insomuch that the servants gave their Master and Mistress warning to leave their places and some of them actually quitted their service this dreadful affair had lasted about six weeks when a young Gentleman who was there on a visit being in bed one night at the usual hour he heard his chamber door thrown open and a very odd noise about his room, he was at first frightened but the noise continuing a long time he became calm and laid still resolving in his mind what he had best do when on a sudden he heard the spirit cry under his bed which was immediately lifted up & this convinced him that there was some substance in the spirit on which he leaped out of bed secured the door and with his oaken staff belaboured the ghost under the bed as hard as he could untill he heard a female voice imploring mercy. on that he opened the chamber door and called aloud for a light the family all got up as fast as possible and came to his room he then informed them that he had got the spirit under the bed on hearing which most [….] were terribly frightened and would have run off [….] than they came but he assured them they had no[thing] to fear then out he dragged the half murdered [spirit]  from its scene of action. but how great was their surprise and shame when they discovred that this tormenting devil was no other than one of their servant girls about sixteen years of age who had been confined  to her bed  sevral months by illness. So no more at present

D l . Williams

I recived the letter you write in Will’s name I not know did  you recive the letter I Derect to him and I hope you not belive the d’m storis you hear in the harvest about me did you look on me such fool and gone be marry no, no, I know better I am sure I am old a enough about that you may depend Dio velinarayon I surpris of him d’n fool I cant give any other name to him

January hath 31 days

February – 28

March – 31

April – 30

May – 31

June – 30

July – 31

August – 31

September – 30

October – 31

November – 30

December – 31  __


Daniel’s letters: 28 November 1813 – defeat of Bonaparte, counter-revolution, proposed visit to London, mother ill



R 4 of December

9th of Hounslow

[Owen Williams, Daniel’s uncle, writes]

Novembr 28 1813

Dear Brother & Sister

your son Daniel geose on Very well I have No complaint what Ever to ofer : I have to Inform you that I am touble with the Lumbago that is the Rumatism in the Back & hip which makes walkeing rathere Trublesome I am otherwaise in good health

I am hapy to Inform you that Bonaparte is Near Driven of Germany with the Loss of about 50000 of his Best troops 200 picese of Canon and about 300 wagon of amunison  &  provision A Counter revolution hath Borck out in Holand Sweden & Rusia has Infested it on one Side : and England will speedly Infest the other with 50000 English scocts & Irish

on the 16 of this month the Prince of orange set of for the Hage to take the rines of goverment in his oun hands after been Driven to this Contry 19 yeurs : Lord Wellington hath Infested the  inhabtance  of france on the South

I am With Respect your Brothe Owen Williams

Dear Father and Mother

I take Opportunity to write this fue lines to you and hope to find you all in good health as we at present. and to inform you I recived your letter on  the  17th of instant and glad to hear of your health and hope to have the same com-fortable account in your next letter

I have nothing worth notice to advice of I am very sorry of the Post office charge you double letter for my last I thought they cant charge double letter for one sheet.

We mean go to London about the later end of December and I want a chest to keep my tools and the men told me I can buy one in London cheaper than I could buy a timber to make one here. And I wish you to ask Alban dolegoch  the Derection to Thomas his son is in London perhaps he can derect me where  is the  best place to buy I have nothing more to advice you I hope you write to me every news so soon as you can and am your most dutiful son and servant

D l . Williams

[John Williams, Daniel’s father, writes]

Answer to this. December the 8th 1813.

Dear Brother & Sister

Yours Dated the 28th November came to hand on the 4th of Instant and am Sorry to hear that you are Trouble by the Reumatism I hope you will be Better with time. I hope that my Sister Enjoy her usual health, as I am at present, But Esther is ill in her health since the 11th of No’br  when a mournfull accident happen at our house. I hope I shall hear in your next letter   a more Comfortable news of your Complaint no more from your Dutiful Brother

John William

[John Williams, Daniel’s father, writes]

Daniel Your Mother was ill in health and was in bed a fortnight and now litle better  Every thing goes on here the same as usual. W’m  your brother was at Dolegoch with Alban Thomas and had the Direction to is son Thomas in London and I fold it up in this letter in is own hand writing, When you go to London and see David the son of Thomas Tygwin Bid him to write to his Mother and a Direction to them here that they may write to him, On the 29th of No’br a two farmar of the parish  Llanarth  came Down to Cardigan to make themselfs Burgess and do so and then they go to ate and drink and about one o Clock Tusday morning one of them calls horse out for to go home]  and ride down to milldan river and Drouned there the orse came up alive

on Thursday the 2nd of Decem’br  his son came to town to see for is father and when  he  heard of is father s fate he call for the town Creyer immediately Onld Jones came and he bid him to Cry through the Streets that who ever will find him and rise  him  from the water shall recived £20  Reward in the morning the 4th of Instant when the Ship Carpenters go to their work and look to the Tivy, one of Jaky Rees sons found the Drouned and take him up and Re’d the above Reward

Daniel’s letters: 19 December 1813 – a ‘mournful accident’, prisoners in Chatham



R 26 of Dec’br  10th of Hounslow

December 19th 1813

Dear Father and Mother

Your letter dated 8th of December came to my hand on 16th Instant and very sorry to hear of my Mother’s illness I hope she is better at this time

Dear Mother Uncle and Annt is very sorry to hear of your illness

I desire on you to send a letter to me so soon as possible to let me know how is my Mother now

Something in your letter I cant hardly understand 11th of Nov’br , when a Mournfull accident happen at our house I like know what was there then

Your last letter coast me double letter because you but the little paper in it

We all in our usual health and hope you the same I wish you to write the first opportunity you have to me who am

Your most humble son and servant D l  Williams

[Owen Williams, Daniel’s uncle, writes]

My Good Brother & Sister

Daniel goes on Very well wee  Intend to go to London soon after Cristmas

On board the prison ships at Chatam there is grat Number of frensh prisnors : Last week upon hering of the Defett of Boneparte some Declard for ould Lewis of Carbon some for Boneparte they at Last Came to Blows and grat Number were Killed on Both Side so you see if they  have  nobody to kill they kill one another: there is great Number rusian cosacks in holand

I am with respect your Brother

Owen William

[John William’s, Daniel’s father, writes]

Answer to this December 27th 1813

Dear Relations

Your s Dated 19th of Dec’br  came to hand the 26th of Instant and am Desirable to hear of your healthy situation, we are at home  as  usual. On the 14th of Instant Died Daniel Lazarus & Ann the wife of W’m  Oliver of Croesuforwn also Old Evan Rydgaled aged 95 years, My Brother Thomas was at Kilgeran fair one 12th of No’br  last and lost s pocket book from s Coat pocket and some number of Bank Bills in it Jacob Tryal lost 10£  from s pocket at Moigan fair and at the Serjant Inn in Eglusirow a theft commited and the man was Apprehended in New Castle the Same day and was Commited to Haverfordwest to the goal,

The Accident on the 11th of No’br  is as followeth, David son of JohnThomas Rhostowarch came to our house on the1st of the Month for to go to Penrallthowel for a Medicine the next Day and grow ill in is health Everyday and Died in our house on the 11th of the said month and buried in Meline, his Mother and s wife was at our house when he Died and in that time Esther was with the men and women in watching the Sick hath cold herself and went on horsback to the Burying place and came home that Evening and went to bed and be there near three weeks she is up now as she is use to be,

Jenet the Daughter of George Griffith Kilgeran Maried to John felinrolo last week Died W’m  Evan Glazier Cardigan

I am

John William

Daniel’s letters: 14 February 1814 – Bonaparte fights on



R 18th of February

11th of Hounslow

[Owen Williams, Daniel’s uncle, writes]

February 14 1814

My good Brother this will Inform you that wee are alive & well hoping you are the Same Various is the News from the Seat of war but Certain it is that Prussa austra & Russian army are got within 37 miles of Paris all the Pawers of Europe are Inclined for peace which Bonaparte alone would not Consent to

my Best respects to frinds & and aquaintace and acept of this of yourselve from

your Brother Owen Williams

[John Williams, Daniel’s father, writes]

Answer to this, Penralltddu Febey 21st 1814

My Good People

This is to Inform yours that the letter Dated the 14th of February Came to hand on the 18th of the same after a Month of Expectation,

What Ever I am Glad to hear of you, we are in our usual health here, Caleb went from Cork to Spain with a burden of horned Catles now this long time and did not return yet

John Bowen Tredeued  Married to Miss  Davies  of Bridge End Cardigan I told you in my last that John felinrolo Married on the16th of December last and Died on the 3rd of Instant in s fathers house, Elizabeth my sister at Glanpoolafon is ill in health and feeble in Body,

The Weather, December 26th litle freezy  and thick fog that Day and freeze a litle untill the 5th of January he snow and a gentle freeze till the 11th  he snow all Day till 9 o’Clock at night with Strong  north East  wind 14 South East by East wind gathered the snow to the hedges in a Deep heaps 15 Thaw a litle and the 16 and in the night between the 16th and the 17th begin to freeze again. on the 19th  he snow, on the 21 and 22nd North East by East Strong wind. all the High roads was Shut up from hedge  to hedge  from the 23rd till the 28th Thaw very gently. 29th  Sleeting all Day, from the 30th to the 13th of February a feebling Thaw, from the 13th  till the 20th freeze Every second night and sometimes every night the farmers cannot Ploughging thier lands, We had a welsh Newspapper in the Principality of wales under the name of seren gomer, printed in Swansea, he Travel from Cardiff to Hollyhead, James the Baker of Kilgeran and sexton of the parish fall in the hill of tivy and Died in the night on the 18th of Instant.

Your humble servant John William

Daniel’s letters: 1 May 1814 – French prisoners in Hounslow, ‘French Tyrant’ transported to Elba



R. 5th of May

May the 1st 1814

Dear Father and Mother

Your letter March the 28 I received 1st of April and glad to hear of your good health and in hope you enjoy the same at present

I have no news worth notice but very glad to hear Bounaparte is done over and hope all the prisoners will come home now is great number of French prisoners pass through this town.

I have been in London 3rd of April and see D. Davies he was well hearty and he told me Mr Hassel was dead

We are in tolerable good health but Uncle sometimes roubled by the rumitis

Let me know where is young David Jenkins is he in the excise yet I hope he is. remember me to him and to all my friends I hope you will send me a letter so soon as you can and every news I wish to heard wish

I am your humble son and servant

Dl. Williams

I not wish you to keep my letters the same as you use to do I wish you to burn them all –

[Owen Williams, Daniel’s uncle, writes]

Dear relatives I am hapy to Inform you that the French Tirant is Transported to the Isle of Elba on the Coast of Tuscany excorted by a rusian prusian english & swedis generals and 150 Ligt horse this Day Lewis 18th makes his Entry into Parris he crossed the chanel Last Monday he hath been in this Neiborhood this 22 years the Prince regent and most of the royal famely went with him as fare as Dover

I am With respect your

Brother Owen Williams

[John Williams, Daniels’ father, writes]

Answer to this May the 5th 1814

This morning I Recived your Letter Dated the 1st of Instant and am glad to hear of you all, We are here in a moderate state of health and we hope these lines have you and my Brother & sister Enjoy the same Blessing, David Jenkins is in Moelgrove a Schoolmaster

When Dio Blanecum of Kilgeran Dig s garden he had my Brother Thomas Poketbook under ground more than half roten and not one Bankbill but some other papers,

The weather is here very wet and cold cloudy and Rainy this Neibour hood  is not done set their corn yet no more at present

John William

Daniel’s letters: 2 April 1815 – Bonaparte in France, King Louis to Holland, news from home



R. 7th of April

Hounslow April 2nd 1815

Dear Father and Mother

Your letter Dated 5th of March I received on the 9th and very sorry to heard of your illness and in great hopes you are better in health at present

A wonderful news we heard of Boneapart came to france and the King Louis is gone towards Holand to meet the english Army several regiments of horse and foot soldiers is going over I hope they will done him

I have no news worth notice at present but Uncle s trouble with the rumitice I am very sorry to heard of Thos George’s family I hope they are better I have saw Morris Griffiths John Griffiths’s pentrebridel  son you tell his father he’s well and hearty remember me to my frinds and write to me as soon as you can –

Dl. Williams

[Owen Williams, Daniel’s uncle, writes]

my Good Brother we are again oblige to hear the Sound  of  Drums & trumpets the French rebels is recruting thier armice to Try again to Plunder all urope they are about bringing [to th]e Feild about 4 hundred Thousand of a side to this Sumer to Deceid the Contest for ambisiton Give any Best respects to my bother Thomas and accept of this few Lines to your selve

From your Brther Owen Williams

[John Williams, Daniel’s father, writes]

April the 15th 1815 Answer to this letter

Dear Brother

Your favour Dated 2nd of April came to hand on the 7th and am glad to hear of yours and my son, I and Esther [i]s  troubled with bodily Disability this long time she is Deal better than me she can walk with a staf in her hand scarce can I go from one end of the house to the other with two and often they carry me and put me in bed and help me to come from it there is something in my hip joints when I rise from a stool with two staffs scarcely can I moove a foot, and I cannot turn myself in bed without great pains, there is sound in my head as a noise of water and Ringing of Bells without pain in it,

They are well at Glanpoolafon and Cardigan Thomas your brother saw your last letter at our house

Daniel you see above how is it with us, you shall see under how is it in the neibourhood. Died on the 19th of March Dio son of Dio William sar of Kilgerran Cousin to the children of Bridell Aged 22 years allso David son of Griffiths George Lanreny was with s uncle in bridell on the 18th of April aged 18 years, I never saw nor heard such a event in this neighbourhood before James was buried on the 14th January Sal on the 14th of February and David Lanreny on the 12th of April three of the same house Loui still is in a very low condition no man knows what will come of her, this fever begin in Thomas George’s house on the 30th of October last and not Depart the house yet

I think that you know the servant was at Velinganol when you left this contry his name was Jemy son of Jemy’r very handsom and good boy, and in service this year at Cumfrood and the fever take hold of him and Died on the 12th of Instant and many more Died in this neighbourhood,

Let me know in your next letter the common prise of the gunpoudr the pound the same as you sent home and tell where you saw Morris Griffith and what calling is now

John William

to Houndslow

15th of April


Daniel’s letters: 13 August 1815 – news from Hounslow, Bonaparte sets sail for St. Helena



R. 19 of Instant

Hounslow August 13th 1815

Dear Father and Mother

Your letter Dated July the 7th I received on the13th and very sorry to heard of your Illness but in great hopes you are enjoy a better health at present

Uncle going to send a small Box in course of next week with some Books, and I mean to send some Tobacco and some other trifle for my Mother we shall send it with Gloucester Mail

I wish you let us know in the next how is the harvest come on this year with you and how Kilgarren fair come’s on and all the news of the nighbourhood who is well and who is not and who’s married and who’s Died

so no more at present from your most Obedient,

Dl  Williams

[Owen Williams, Daniel’s uncle, writes]

my good Brother this will Inform you that the pain I under my heel is increas so much that I cannot  walke without a Stick and the Doctor cannot give it a Name but now it seeme to be Better. I have send you a good Book of Doctor Simson Plea for religion another the Confesiton of a methodist by a profechior another the Pedigree of Nepolion Bounapartes, also the Carater of the prince of Walles by Nathaniel Jeffries M:P for Stafordshire, allso gide to the city of Bath now you are Leame they will be an amusement to you

I have No Complaint on Daniel he is very well thougt of by Evry Body in the Neiborhood he is grone very Lusty almost as Stout as is cosin Stephen and I think the strongest Man in Hounslow he hath Latly been to see Winsor Castle wher ould king Georg Lays in state of insanity the ould man Injoice a good stat of health but stone bleind and Insane he nhows nobody: you will be so good as to Let us nhow when you Rec’d the Box and What the Carieg come to to and how you Like your colecttion of Books the harvest is all in about hear this week and they wants rain for the Turneps

they say about hear that Bonipartte hath set saile in the Nothumerland for his place of Exile on the Iland St Helena very much against his will the Box will be at Carmarthen about the 17th

I am with respect your Brother

Owen Williams

Answer to this Dated 28th of August 1815.

The Box and the Books Carridge from Houndslow to Cardigan mentioned in this letter is 4s 6d.

John Phillip

Byddwch cystal a danfon u llog am aflwydd in a ddarfy ar u 10fed o Tachwedd 1821 ym llaw erbyn y 3edd neu 4ydd or Mis nesaf sef u Mis Medy, a gwneid felly an boddtra,

John William

Penralltddu Awst 27 1822