Daniel’s letters: 7 November 1813 – Bonaparte is defeated





Recive November 12th 7th Letter of Hounslow

[Owen Williams, Daniel’s uncle, writes]

Novembr 7 1813

my Good Brother hoping these Lines will find you & your Family in good heath as it Leves one at present  Daniel goes on Very well and I think more reconsile to Inglish Neibors than he was at first

I am hapy to Inform you that Boneparte is Defeted in 3 Days sucsesive Fiting with the Empror of Russia prusia & austra he Lost about one Hundred & fifty Thousand in killed wouned and taken prisnor four hundred wagon of powder and amunision the king & quen of Saxony are taken prisnor and about 25000 Saxons have Desarted in the heat of Battle

the Duck of york pass though this Town Last Night on his way to Windsor and he tould the innkeeper where he chang horses that Boneparte is taken prisonor in comon souldir close by a rigment of russan Casacks Remember me to my Brothe Thomas & his famely and exept of this to your self & I remain your Brother Owen Williams

Posted an Answer to this the 14th of No’br  1813 to Houndslow

Dear Father and Mother

Your letter Dated 4th of October I recived on the 8th of the same and glad to hear of your Health I have nothing worthy of notice to advise you of. but this we are all in a good health and in great expectation of the same comfortable Account in your Answer to this.

Astonish thing happen here on October the 4th a man came by the powder mills and stole about six pounds of powder in little bag under his great coat and went to a publick house in Hounslow and drink some beer and was a man smoke a pipe close by him and the powder catch the fire and blow the room window and the frame clean out to the middle of the street and every window  was on the  House was broak and every glass and china broak all in to pices and the front wall was broak very bad and they oblige to build a new wall there.

A story about spirit a Gentleman farmers house was alarmed every night between twelve and one o’clock the chamber doors were thrown open the bed cloths pulled off the beds and the kitchen furniture thrown with violence about the kitchen to the great terror of the family insomuch that the servants gave their Master and Mistress warning to leave their places and some of them actually quitted their service this dreadful affair had lasted about six weeks when a young Gentleman who was there on a visit being in bed one night at the usual hour he heard his chamber door thrown open and a very odd noise about his room, he was at first frightened but the noise continuing a long time he became calm and laid still resolving in his mind what he had best do when on a sudden he heard the spirit cry under his bed which was immediately lifted up & this convinced him that there was some substance in the spirit on which he leaped out of bed secured the door and with his oaken staff belaboured the ghost under the bed as hard as he could untill he heard a female voice imploring mercy. on that he opened the chamber door and called aloud for a light the family all got up as fast as possible and came to his room he then informed them that he had got the spirit under the bed on hearing which most [….] were terribly frightened and would have run off [….] than they came but he assured them they had no[thing] to fear then out he dragged the half murdered [spirit]  from its scene of action. but how great was their surprise and shame when they discovred that this tormenting devil was no other than one of their servant girls about sixteen years of age who had been confined  to her bed  sevral months by illness. So no more at present

D l . Williams

I recived the letter you write in Will’s name I not know did  you recive the letter I Derect to him and I hope you not belive the d’m storis you hear in the harvest about me did you look on me such fool and gone be marry no, no, I know better I am sure I am old a enough about that you may depend Dio velinarayon I surpris of him d’n fool I cant give any other name to him

January hath 31 days

February – 28

March – 31

April – 30

May – 31

June – 30

July – 31

August – 31

September – 30

October – 31

November – 30

December – 31  __


Daniel’s letters: 19 December 1813 – a ‘mournful accident’, prisoners in Chatham



R 26 of Dec’br  10th of Hounslow

December 19th 1813

Dear Father and Mother

Your letter dated 8th of December came to my hand on 16th Instant and very sorry to hear of my Mother’s illness I hope she is better at this time

Dear Mother Uncle and Annt is very sorry to hear of your illness

I desire on you to send a letter to me so soon as possible to let me know how is my Mother now

Something in your letter I cant hardly understand 11th of Nov’br , when a Mournfull accident happen at our house I like know what was there then

Your last letter coast me double letter because you but the little paper in it

We all in our usual health and hope you the same I wish you to write the first opportunity you have to me who am

Your most humble son and servant D l  Williams

[Owen Williams, Daniel’s uncle, writes]

My Good Brother & Sister

Daniel goes on Very well wee  Intend to go to London soon after Cristmas

On board the prison ships at Chatam there is grat Number of frensh prisnors : Last week upon hering of the Defett of Boneparte some Declard for ould Lewis of Carbon some for Boneparte they at Last Came to Blows and grat Number were Killed on Both Side so you see if they  have  nobody to kill they kill one another: there is great Number rusian cosacks in holand

I am with respect your Brother

Owen William

[John William’s, Daniel’s father, writes]

Answer to this December 27th 1813

Dear Relations

Your s Dated 19th of Dec’br  came to hand the 26th of Instant and am Desirable to hear of your healthy situation, we are at home  as  usual. On the 14th of Instant Died Daniel Lazarus & Ann the wife of W’m  Oliver of Croesuforwn also Old Evan Rydgaled aged 95 years, My Brother Thomas was at Kilgeran fair one 12th of No’br  last and lost s pocket book from s Coat pocket and some number of Bank Bills in it Jacob Tryal lost 10£  from s pocket at Moigan fair and at the Serjant Inn in Eglusirow a theft commited and the man was Apprehended in New Castle the Same day and was Commited to Haverfordwest to the goal,

The Accident on the 11th of No’br  is as followeth, David son of JohnThomas Rhostowarch came to our house on the1st of the Month for to go to Penrallthowel for a Medicine the next Day and grow ill in is health Everyday and Died in our house on the 11th of the said month and buried in Meline, his Mother and s wife was at our house when he Died and in that time Esther was with the men and women in watching the Sick hath cold herself and went on horsback to the Burying place and came home that Evening and went to bed and be there near three weeks she is up now as she is use to be,

Jenet the Daughter of George Griffith Kilgeran Maried to John felinrolo last week Died W’m  Evan Glazier Cardigan

I am

John William

Daniel’s letters: 1 May 1814 – French prisoners in Hounslow, ‘French Tyrant’ transported to Elba



R. 5th of May

May the 1st 1814

Dear Father and Mother

Your letter March the 28 I received 1st of April and glad to hear of your good health and in hope you enjoy the same at present

I have no news worth notice but very glad to hear Bounaparte is done over and hope all the prisoners will come home now is great number of French prisoners pass through this town.

I have been in London 3rd of April and see D. Davies he was well hearty and he told me Mr Hassel was dead

We are in tolerable good health but Uncle sometimes roubled by the rumitis

Let me know where is young David Jenkins is he in the excise yet I hope he is. remember me to him and to all my friends I hope you will send me a letter so soon as you can and every news I wish to heard wish

I am your humble son and servant

Dl. Williams

I not wish you to keep my letters the same as you use to do I wish you to burn them all –

[Owen Williams, Daniel’s uncle, writes]

Dear relatives I am hapy to Inform you that the French Tirant is Transported to the Isle of Elba on the Coast of Tuscany excorted by a rusian prusian english & swedis generals and 150 Ligt horse this Day Lewis 18th makes his Entry into Parris he crossed the chanel Last Monday he hath been in this Neiborhood this 22 years the Prince regent and most of the royal famely went with him as fare as Dover

I am With respect your

Brother Owen Williams

[John Williams, Daniels’ father, writes]

Answer to this May the 5th 1814

This morning I Recived your Letter Dated the 1st of Instant and am glad to hear of you all, We are here in a moderate state of health and we hope these lines have you and my Brother & sister Enjoy the same Blessing, David Jenkins is in Moelgrove a Schoolmaster

When Dio Blanecum of Kilgeran Dig s garden he had my Brother Thomas Poketbook under ground more than half roten and not one Bankbill but some other papers,

The weather is here very wet and cold cloudy and Rainy this Neibour hood  is not done set their corn yet no more at present

John William

Daniel’s letters: 21 August 1814 – news of Stephen Williams and the price of food



R. 28th of Instant

16th of Hounslow

Hounslow August the 21st 1814

Dear Father and Mother

Your letter Dated 10th of July I received on the 14thand glad to hear of your good health but sorry for your mistake in Stephen Williams affair you wrote the letter the day after he part from here, and we never heard from him since, we should be very happy to hear he get safe home he promise us to send a letter in fortnight time but he did not yet, that was the reason I  did  not write sooner I hope you will excusse  me I have sent a shale with him to Mother and I hope she is well pleased with it –

I have nothing worth to advise you of, but that we are in the same health as when we wrote last and are in great hope of you the same and all my frinds –

Market price beef and mutton 9½ d or 10d  per pound butter from 14d  to 18d  per pound Cheese from 10d  to 14d bacon from 10d  to 16d  per pound, corn is rise every market is a very good crop about here this year I hope you will not be as long not write as I have been all the Country news will be admittable with me as soon as you please –

I am you most dutiful

Dl Williams

[Owen Williams, Daniel’s uncle, writes]

My good Brother this is to Inform you that about the bigining of July Stephen Williams of Cardigan Caled here and I sent you and my Brother Thomas by him a brass spectle causes which I hope hath meet your aprobation I am unesey on this account as have not heard from him sence I am afraid he is not well if any thing hath hapen more than ordinary to him; Let me nhow without Lose of Time give my Brother Thomas my Best Respects and acept of this to yourself From your

Brother Owen Williams

an answer to this is Desierd by the return of the post if possible

[John Williams, Daniel’s father, writes]

Penralltddu August 28 1814

My good Brother this Morning I recived your favour Dated the21st of Instant, and am glad to hear that you Enjoy the Blessings of heaven Abundant. I have many thanks to you for the Spectacle case here is not one in this Neighbourhood the same as ours Thomas and me

They Enjoy their moderate health at Glanpoolafon and Cardigan Stephen arrived home safe well and Bonnily, I have not Informed of the Day he set out for London but I hear he is to go when I write to Daniel last time. we are here in our usual health, Our corn & hay near the same this year as the last


A shale of a worth a mite from your hand please your mother well.

Eliza. Cap’t . Davies of Cardigan was taken on the 25th of July by the Whig armed scooner one of the American Privateers 50 miles off  Basketson is Voyage from limerick to London She Destroy her cargo and stole every thing that was of worth. Bread Beef Water New sails New Rops and all papers the Brigg s Register and Charts, and then let her go, she arrived at milford by night 29th of the same. Caleband her mate came to penralltddu on the 5th of August her mate went to Cardigan the next Day and on the 8th came to our house and call Caleb and went off for Milford and after litle time for Repairing set sails for London and she by fair  wether be  in London at the 1st to the 4th of September John Davies Penicoed  died  of a fall from the horseback this four weeks ago I am yours well wisher

John William

Posted to Hounslow 28th of August

Daniel’s letters: 2 April 1815 – Bonaparte in France, King Louis to Holland, news from home



R. 7th of April

Hounslow April 2nd 1815

Dear Father and Mother

Your letter Dated 5th of March I received on the 9th and very sorry to heard of your illness and in great hopes you are better in health at present

A wonderful news we heard of Boneapart came to france and the King Louis is gone towards Holand to meet the english Army several regiments of horse and foot soldiers is going over I hope they will done him

I have no news worth notice at present but Uncle s trouble with the rumitice I am very sorry to heard of Thos George’s family I hope they are better I have saw Morris Griffiths John Griffiths’s pentrebridel  son you tell his father he’s well and hearty remember me to my frinds and write to me as soon as you can –

Dl. Williams

[Owen Williams, Daniel’s uncle, writes]

my Good Brother we are again oblige to hear the Sound  of  Drums & trumpets the French rebels is recruting thier armice to Try again to Plunder all urope they are about bringing [to th]e Feild about 4 hundred Thousand of a side to this Sumer to Deceid the Contest for ambisiton Give any Best respects to my bother Thomas and accept of this few Lines to your selve

From your Brther Owen Williams

[John Williams, Daniel’s father, writes]

April the 15th 1815 Answer to this letter

Dear Brother

Your favour Dated 2nd of April came to hand on the 7th and am glad to hear of yours and my son, I and Esther [i]s  troubled with bodily Disability this long time she is Deal better than me she can walk with a staf in her hand scarce can I go from one end of the house to the other with two and often they carry me and put me in bed and help me to come from it there is something in my hip joints when I rise from a stool with two staffs scarcely can I moove a foot, and I cannot turn myself in bed without great pains, there is sound in my head as a noise of water and Ringing of Bells without pain in it,

They are well at Glanpoolafon and Cardigan Thomas your brother saw your last letter at our house

Daniel you see above how is it with us, you shall see under how is it in the neibourhood. Died on the 19th of March Dio son of Dio William sar of Kilgerran Cousin to the children of Bridell Aged 22 years allso David son of Griffiths George Lanreny was with s uncle in bridell on the 18th of April aged 18 years, I never saw nor heard such a event in this neighbourhood before James was buried on the 14th January Sal on the 14th of February and David Lanreny on the 12th of April three of the same house Loui still is in a very low condition no man knows what will come of her, this fever begin in Thomas George’s house on the 30th of October last and not Depart the house yet

I think that you know the servant was at Velinganol when you left this contry his name was Jemy son of Jemy’r very handsom and good boy, and in service this year at Cumfrood and the fever take hold of him and Died on the 12th of Instant and many more Died in this neighbourhood,

Let me know in your next letter the common prise of the gunpoudr the pound the same as you sent home and tell where you saw Morris Griffith and what calling is now

John William

to Houndslow

15th of April


Daniel’s letters: 30 April 1815 – parents unwell, advice regarding treatment of Lameness



R. May 4th

Hounslow April 30th 1815

Dear, Father and Mother

Your letter Dated 15th of April I received on the 19th of the same And sorry to hear of your unhealthy situation and in great hopes you are better at present ,

I am very sorry to heard such mournful account of Tho\s/ George’s family, I have no news at present worth notice but all for war and the sound of fifes drums and trumpets we have heard again but I hope it will not last long

In concern of Morris Griffiths as he told me he chance to get rather tipsy and meet with the recruiting party and listed into the first Regiment of foot Guard ,

The Gunpowder I sent you is 3s 6d per lb I have not see D. Davies yet but I think I shall see him before long

I have nothing particular to inform you at precent but this we are in our usual health and hope you will write as soon as you can and remember me to my frinds –

Your most humble servant

Dl Williams

[Owen Williams, Daniel’s uncle, writes]

My good Brother I am sory to hear of your Lameness and would advice you to get a pice of  wite  Leather 8 inches over and put a plaster of Burgandy pich that is of brite yelow color and put it on the  hip  as warm as you can bare it and Let it be on untill comes of of his own acord

get it Rub with coars Touel as hard as you can bare it before you put the plaster on it is the rheumtism that is fix in the hip it goes by the Difrent Name of Sciatic in the […]ate of the Back it is Caled Lumbago I have reasson to hop that you will feind a Benefite from it I am with

Respect yor Brothr Owen Williams

[John Williams, Daniel’s father, replies]

Penralltddu May the 7th 1815 Answer to this

Yours Dated the 30th of April Came to hand the 4th of Instant and am glad to hear of your healthy situation, praise the Lord for his mercy,

I am so painfull that I cannot sleep night or Day since a fortnight, Chair and pillows is to hard for me to sit on them, that maks me to be in bed greatest part of my time, and cannot turn my self in bed without great pain, and I do not know what will come of me, Your Mother is very unhealthy but she is Deal better than me

I have great many thanks to you my brother for your advice to me of the plaster your relation in this neighbourhood is well and Hearty,

Daniel, Will your Brother meet in Cardigan with a young man called John Landwr and bids him to ask you can you find a work to him if he comes to Houndslow, he wants to go to some where, he is now work at the new mill in Cardigan

John William

Daniel’s letters: 21 May 1815 – parents’ health, death of uncle John



R. 26 of Instant

Houndslow May the 21st 1815

Dear Father and Mother

Your letter Dated the 7th of May I received on the 12th and very sorry to hear of your unhealthy situation and in great hopes you are better at present

We are in our usual health at present all but Aunt she scald her foot some time and not well but deal better than she has been I do not wonder at all at Mr Morris Morris’s behavior because I know the fellow before he cant live low life as well as anybody In cause of John Landwr I got nothing to do for him or else I would with all my heart, more than one half of the carpenters out of workin London at present I have been there this day fortnight I have saw D. Davies he is well and hearty so no more at present from your most obedient

Dl Williams

[Owen Williams, Daniel’s uncle, writes]

my good Brother I am Willing to render you any servis in my power Towards easing you of your Infirmity I would advise you to tack of ould Jamaica rum as much as your Constituion will Bare at Night going to Bed

I feel myself a gretet stiffier in my Joints than I use to be seven years Back when health is gone Life is painfull

I am in hops to hear of your been Better in the Nex Letter and

Remain yor Brther Owen Williams

[John Williams, Daniel’s father, writes]

Answer to this May 27th 1815

Yours Dated 21st of Instant came to hand the 26th of the same and was good with us to hear of you but am sorry to hear of my sisters foot I hope is Deal beter now, thank you for advise to me before and now I hope I shall meet a something that will Restore me to little health again,

[John Williams, Daniel’s father, writes]


Your Mother and me is more feeble than can you Imagine yet we are up Every Day and nothing but that and healp one another I can go now with two staffs from one End of the house to the other but they must  help me to and up from Bed since Christmas

I am sorry to tell you that your unkle John Thomas Rostowarch Died and buried at Meline 21st of Instant aged 70 years likewise Sally wife of Thomas George of Bridell Died the meeting at Blaenuweine meeting house on the 18th of Instant and Buried on the 20th aged 60 years, four Burial from the same house from the 14th of January till 20th of May last Instant

Is there any sectarys in Houndslow let me know in the next and what Denomination they are, I wants you to buy a book to yourself Prise seven shillings to subscribers and Eight shillings to nonsubscribers, by the name a plain view of the Unitarian Christian Doctrine in a series of Essays on the One God, the father and the mediator Between God and men the man Christ Jesus, by Richard Wright Unitarian Missionary, and sold in London by Mr  D. Eaton Bookseller 187. High Holborn. it is a good Book strive for it

John William

Daniel’s letters: 2 July 1815 – loss of men in the war and news from home



R 7th of July

Hounslow July 2nd 1815

Dear, Father and Mother

Your letter Dated 27th of May I received on the31st and very sorry to heard of your illness and in great hopes you are in better health at present, I have to inform you that I brought the Book you mention in your last letter and upon my opinion is a reasonable Book but many men about here would not fancy it much, I have nothing to inform you at present but the War is caried on with great severety, the last engagement Duke of Wellington lost upwards of 20000 men, Prince Blucher lost 16000 men they took upwards of 7000 french prisners and 250 pices of canan

Bounaparte lost upwards 30000 cavalry beseide foot soldiers,

I have no more to say at present but wish you all better health write as soon as you can and all the news – remember me to my frinds and relations We are in our usual health at present I am your most obdient

DDl  Williams

[Owen Williams, Daniel’s uncle, writes]

my good Brother I am Sory to hear of your Lamenes: which in all human Probability will folow you to your grave hear are Difrent profesors of Religon as Methodist Baptist pesbiterian quackers all adoring the Same God upon Diferent principle I am Severly handle with the rumatisim in the Sole of my right foot this Late Battle at watarloo in the Netherland hath been the most Severe of any Ever fought Several English Rigment 1020 Strong Could not muster 300 when they came of the filde of Battle

I am with respect Owen Williams

[John Williams, Daniel’s father, writes]

July the 7th 1815

My good People

Yours Dated the 2nd of July came to hand on the 7th of same, it was good with  us  to hear that you all Enjoy your usual health but my Brother I hope the severity is in your foot will abate before long

I am in the same situation Esther can walk and do something for her bread but I can do nothing

Caleb vist us in the night on the 29th of the last  from Millford and stay here till the 3rd of Instant and at two of that morning he went back to Millford the Brigg was mended in her Tackels, he was well then Will was with him to H[averford]west and horses now is the hay harvest in the nighbourhood

John William

Daniel’s letters: 13 August 1815 – news from Hounslow, Bonaparte sets sail for St. Helena



R. 19 of Instant

Hounslow August 13th 1815

Dear Father and Mother

Your letter Dated July the 7th I received on the13th and very sorry to heard of your Illness but in great hopes you are enjoy a better health at present

Uncle going to send a small Box in course of next week with some Books, and I mean to send some Tobacco and some other trifle for my Mother we shall send it with Gloucester Mail

I wish you let us know in the next how is the harvest come on this year with you and how Kilgarren fair come’s on and all the news of the nighbourhood who is well and who is not and who’s married and who’s Died

so no more at present from your most Obedient,

Dl  Williams

[Owen Williams, Daniel’s uncle, writes]

my good Brother this will Inform you that the pain I under my heel is increas so much that I cannot  walke without a Stick and the Doctor cannot give it a Name but now it seeme to be Better. I have send you a good Book of Doctor Simson Plea for religion another the Confesiton of a methodist by a profechior another the Pedigree of Nepolion Bounapartes, also the Carater of the prince of Walles by Nathaniel Jeffries M:P for Stafordshire, allso gide to the city of Bath now you are Leame they will be an amusement to you

I have No Complaint on Daniel he is very well thougt of by Evry Body in the Neiborhood he is grone very Lusty almost as Stout as is cosin Stephen and I think the strongest Man in Hounslow he hath Latly been to see Winsor Castle wher ould king Georg Lays in state of insanity the ould man Injoice a good stat of health but stone bleind and Insane he nhows nobody: you will be so good as to Let us nhow when you Rec’d the Box and What the Carieg come to to and how you Like your colecttion of Books the harvest is all in about hear this week and they wants rain for the Turneps

they say about hear that Bonipartte hath set saile in the Nothumerland for his place of Exile on the Iland St Helena very much against his will the Box will be at Carmarthen about the 17th

I am with respect your Brother

Owen Williams

Answer to this Dated 28th of August 1815.

The Box and the Books Carridge from Houndslow to Cardigan mentioned in this letter is 4s 6d.

John Phillip

Byddwch cystal a danfon u llog am aflwydd in a ddarfy ar u 10fed o Tachwedd 1821 ym llaw erbyn y 3edd neu 4ydd or Mis nesaf sef u Mis Medy, a gwneid felly an boddtra,

John William

Penralltddu Awst 27 1822

Daniel’s letters: 9 November 1817 – Uncle Owen writes of Daniel’s impending marriage


R. 16 of Instant

[Owen Williams, Daniel’s uncle, writes]

Hounslow November 9th 1817

my good Brother & Sister, I take this Erley Oportunity to Inform you that your son Daniel is going to be Maried to a Charming young women of one & twenty: now you are going ask me whome shee is: and I will tell you shee is a Nice of yor sister in Law at Hounslow, a Native of Warickshire

Daniel & shee hath kep Company this 2 year

I send you this acount for your approbation the Bannes are publis this day. So lett me have your opinion on the matter as soon as you pleas your Datter in Law is going to Nite you a paire of stocking & send them Doun some time in the spring –

give my respects to my Brother Thomas & ackep of this to yourself from a

Brother Owen Williams

your Intended Dagther is very Slender But I suposes that Daniel will macke her thicker yor to call her your Dather Hanah