Daniel’s letters: 9 August 1813 – Daniel’s arrival and work, powder mills, threshing machines, advice from his father




R. 12th Instant           4 of Daniel

[Owen Williams, Daniel’s uncle, writes]

No. 4 Chapel row Hounslow August 9 1813

Dear Brother I am sory that I could not write sooner for want of Time to furnice me with  materials to write Daniel arivde at Hounslow on the Thurday about 10 in the morning but so great was his Timerety and so shey of his ant that he Remaind at the Bel only 4 Door from my hous l untill I Came home from work Daniel work along with me at millriting from 5 in the morning untill 7 at Night 7 Days per week at the wages of 5s 3d  per Day

he Boards and Beds along with me sence he came he hath not take any of his wages up yet he hath 11£  5s  9d   in the gentelemen hands at this Time we have had no Time t’go to London yet we mene to go the Latter End of Nex week to bey some tools and Daniel a New Bever hatt

he is ready and willing and Doeth what Lays in his power to mack himself servisable and I will tak care that he shall not be Insulted by any body Daniel is to have 5s 3d  per Day until Nex spring and to have 6s  that is my agreement with the gentleman the Propriotor

Daniel or any other yong unexperience  hand  are not suford to go into any place wher ther is any Danger Whatever and I can tell you that he can handle his Tools Better than some we had hear before and now I tell you that gratittuds is allways paying and Never paid : give my Best respect to my Br[other] Thomas and his Famely and Do unto all men as you would wish to be Done unto & and accept of this From your Brther Owen Williams

P.S. any farther Information you may wish Let me nhow in your Nex Lettert his Letter we open it after seale him

1814 Llantood Amlygyn

Dear Father and Mother

I take opportunity to write this fue lines to you and hope to find you in your good state of heal thas its leves me at present And to inform you I recived your letter Dated 1st of August on 5th of the same and glad to hear of your health. I am sorry of my Mother trouble her mind about me I have plenty of everything I want I work at powder Mills now and we go before long to make a thrashin mashine to the same Gentleman for 2 horses and to thrash 20 sake of weat in 12 hours I not like you say to any of your Nibours what I do here

Barrack is near this Town and good many of light Horsemen  in thim no Solders quartred here only go on March I call my Uncle and my Aunt same as other men do Mr W’m  and Mrs Williams Your letters cost here 1s 1d  ½ Give my kind love to my Mother and to my Brothers. Your most dutiful obedient Son and Servant

Dl Williams

not much of carpenter work is here now

[John Williams, Daniel’s father, writes]

Answer to the Letter Dated by Owen 9th of August 1813 at Hounslow16 of August 1813

Dear and Kindly Brother and sister

Your kind and favourable letter Dated the 9th of August came to hand on the 12th of Instant I am much Oblidge to you  for  the good reception you give to Daniel I hope he will please  you  and my sister for so a good Entertainment We are here and at Glanpoolafon in Our usual health and in hope  these  lines meet you the same,  on the 9th of Instant  Phillip the brother of Daniel Nicholas Died at Trecwn in this parish, and so I conclude and accept of this my D. K. B. S. from your Brother

John William

[John Williams, Daniel’s father writes]

For Daniel 16th of August 1813

As I had inteligence of your livelihood with my brother you must take a care to please them for their charitable behaviour unto you, and be ready all ways when my brother or my sister calls. Take you care of yourself keep your time come home before night and be steady Practice yourself in spelling reading wrighting and in Numerical, and in all what maks some benefit to you I do look on your present situation Happy make your best to keep it in hand Your Acquintance Relations and James William of Greenstreet Cardigan Rand’s family Bid me to Remember to you

N.B. some hindrance meet us frequently I am a survayor this year and was on the road all this week and them at home was busy in reaping and have not a time to put this letter in the post house until this Day we are in the same situation as when we Date the above August 21st 1813 write back soon

This posted to Hounslow on the 22nd of Instant

Daniel’s letters: 7 November 1813 – Bonaparte is defeated





Recive November 12th 7th Letter of Hounslow

[Owen Williams, Daniel’s uncle, writes]

Novembr 7 1813

my Good Brother hoping these Lines will find you & your Family in good heath as it Leves one at present  Daniel goes on Very well and I think more reconsile to Inglish Neibors than he was at first

I am hapy to Inform you that Boneparte is Defeted in 3 Days sucsesive Fiting with the Empror of Russia prusia & austra he Lost about one Hundred & fifty Thousand in killed wouned and taken prisnor four hundred wagon of powder and amunision the king & quen of Saxony are taken prisnor and about 25000 Saxons have Desarted in the heat of Battle

the Duck of york pass though this Town Last Night on his way to Windsor and he tould the innkeeper where he chang horses that Boneparte is taken prisonor in comon souldir close by a rigment of russan Casacks Remember me to my Brothe Thomas & his famely and exept of this to your self & I remain your Brother Owen Williams

Posted an Answer to this the 14th of No’br  1813 to Houndslow

Dear Father and Mother

Your letter Dated 4th of October I recived on the 8th of the same and glad to hear of your Health I have nothing worthy of notice to advise you of. but this we are all in a good health and in great expectation of the same comfortable Account in your Answer to this.

Astonish thing happen here on October the 4th a man came by the powder mills and stole about six pounds of powder in little bag under his great coat and went to a publick house in Hounslow and drink some beer and was a man smoke a pipe close by him and the powder catch the fire and blow the room window and the frame clean out to the middle of the street and every window  was on the  House was broak and every glass and china broak all in to pices and the front wall was broak very bad and they oblige to build a new wall there.

A story about spirit a Gentleman farmers house was alarmed every night between twelve and one o’clock the chamber doors were thrown open the bed cloths pulled off the beds and the kitchen furniture thrown with violence about the kitchen to the great terror of the family insomuch that the servants gave their Master and Mistress warning to leave their places and some of them actually quitted their service this dreadful affair had lasted about six weeks when a young Gentleman who was there on a visit being in bed one night at the usual hour he heard his chamber door thrown open and a very odd noise about his room, he was at first frightened but the noise continuing a long time he became calm and laid still resolving in his mind what he had best do when on a sudden he heard the spirit cry under his bed which was immediately lifted up & this convinced him that there was some substance in the spirit on which he leaped out of bed secured the door and with his oaken staff belaboured the ghost under the bed as hard as he could untill he heard a female voice imploring mercy. on that he opened the chamber door and called aloud for a light the family all got up as fast as possible and came to his room he then informed them that he had got the spirit under the bed on hearing which most [….] were terribly frightened and would have run off [….] than they came but he assured them they had no[thing] to fear then out he dragged the half murdered [spirit]  from its scene of action. but how great was their surprise and shame when they discovred that this tormenting devil was no other than one of their servant girls about sixteen years of age who had been confined  to her bed  sevral months by illness. So no more at present

D l . Williams

I recived the letter you write in Will’s name I not know did  you recive the letter I Derect to him and I hope you not belive the d’m storis you hear in the harvest about me did you look on me such fool and gone be marry no, no, I know better I am sure I am old a enough about that you may depend Dio velinarayon I surpris of him d’n fool I cant give any other name to him

January hath 31 days

February – 28

March – 31

April – 30

May – 31

June – 30

July – 31

August – 31

September – 30

October – 31

November – 30

December – 31  __


Daniel’s letters: 17 October 1813 – powder mills, life in Hounslow




R 22nd


Hounslow October 17 1813

Dear Father Mother and Brother

This letter I send to you and hope to find you all in good health as I am at present And to advise you little of this place my Uncle is follow Millwrighting and my Aunt is Bonet maker and very strict England Church

And my Uncle is work at this mills now he been away from here ones with Mr  Fish and mean to built a mills at blackpool and when Mr Fish  Dead  he been some timeout of employ and he came back here again I belve he lost part of his regard when he went away from here he got a very large Garden at the Mills before and when he came back he lost the garden he work here at first for Mr Hill and he keep him like a Slave work in this work and promise him when he Dead left him one half of his Property and he sold the mills to Mr Butts before he Dead and he keep them now and when he Dead he left him £20 instead the one half of his Property he worth £3000000 when he Dead and left them all to Mr Fish

But whatever he live very well and keep nice Little House 2 rooms on the floor and two rooms  upstars and two garden one before the House and the other in the back and Paid £14  of rent

dont you Mention a word in your letters about this because they like to see your letters and to see the letters I send to you and I Derect this to Will and then he not want to see it and if you got any Secret say to me you write a letter and give to some body else to Derect it because they know your Hand writeing and then I say he is a letter from my Brother

my Uncle think of me as I was leyer because you told me to tell the truth and think I was unsobor there and not keep my for you told me to be Sobor here dont you say that no more I cant be nothing better for you told me

I board myself now I been 9 weeks upon their board and said 14s 0d per week for board and 2s 0d week for lodgings and pay in the yard where I work 2d for bason of Tea for breakfast and 3d for beer to Deaner the mills is almost 2 Mils from Hounslow I have no more to inform you Remember me to Griffth John and all my frinds

So no more at present from your most Dutiful Son and Servant

Dl . Williams

Daniel’s letters: 20 March 1814 – powder mill manufactory, snow deaths at home



R 26 of March


Hounslow March 20th 1814

Dear Father and Mother

I take this opportunity to write this lines to you and in hope to find you in your good state of health as we are at present And to inform you your letter Dated 21st of Feb’r y came to hand 25th of the same and glad to hear of your health and hope you hear from Caleb before now. I have no new worth notice I have been in London 1st of March and I see D Davies  he was well and hearty and  I told him  to write home and he say he will the next Sunday,

I give you a little Description of this Manufactry in which is three fire engins two of them drive four pair of stones pice and other three pack them three engins they are destroy worth 100£ of coal in a week. leven Mills drive by watter and Mills where is wood  lignavita  instead of stones 18 pair in each Mill, three Mills drive by Horses –

I hope you write to me so soon as you can and every news and let me know wheres John Evans Kilgiran 123

David Moris Broyan and Tom W m  Johnat work now and let me know where is Cardigan Militia lays now and whether is D. Morris Married yet or not and all news you can find and let me know did you know the man has took up for rob Jacob Davies Trial, The Weather is very disagreeable freeze every night the frost not been out of the ground of three months is an old man in this neighbourhood say this is an old fashion winter

I am your most humble son and servant

D l . Williams

[John Williams, Daniel’s father, writes]

Answer to this. March the 26. 1814

This is to let you know that we are in a moderate state of health at present, and we hope these lines will find you all Enjoy the same Blessing, Yours Dated the 20th of Instant came to hand on the 26th of the same, Caleb Return from France after been a Burden of Horned Catle there from Cork, and have been very like to be taken by a American Privateer when they Return they lost thier Convoy Day before in a gale of wind, he write to me from Cardiff, and ask a Dirit on to write to you and I Did gave them to him. he Dated 23rd of February I had it on the 26th and Posted to him on the 27th of the same to Cardiff , 21st of February I Dated and posted last to you but this, the Old snow was visible by the side of the hedges and he frzees every other night till the 5th and 6th of March he snow and freeze till the 20th and now he is moderate weather, we did not sow any corn yet, John Evans Kilgerran is with W’m James and had a child from John Morris Blanurangell Daughter and not marry her, Tom W’m  John is at Swansea and he say when go from home he shall see you before he come back David Morris Married and he is at home, and was Discharged on the 24th of Instant from the old Militia for the virtue of Serving in the Loccal, at Chapel newidd meeting

Concerning D. Davis about the 24th or 25th of February a story came to our Nighbourhood that a man Died in a heap of snow on London Road to Cardigan some say it is at Kilcenin others says at Rhoyad in Radnorshire and the people found him first brought the Dead to the Church and not bury him soon that a people  may come  and see him to know him or not, Rachel Tygwin hear the story and begin to weep and say I am sure tis my son David is the man, on 11th of March Rachel […]  to Kilcenin and ask for the Dead the people of the place said is not here he is at Llansawel, Rachel came back, Tho s  his father went to Newcastle and Enquire with the pig Drovers about the Dead man in Llansawel the pig Drovers said in Royad is the man Died in the snow, Tho s  came home, and said so, Rachel then maks Tho’s  & John gare to go to Royad Tho’s  did go, and in two Days after Came a letter from David that he was well in London, the letter you bid him to write when you saw him in London 1st of March he say to you I will write next Sunday and that letter put them all at rest, and that letter came before Tho’s  came back.from Royad in Radnorshire some man Died there in the snow

Daniel’s letters: 18 May 1816 – mass unemployment, marriage of Princess Charlotte, Uncle’s ‘rumitis’




R. 18th of Instant

May the 5th 1816

Dear Father and Mother

Your last letter I received was Dated Decbr  the 1st, and I have wrote the 16th of January and never had an Answer, to this day, and that makes me uneasey somtimes but on another consideration I should imagine if there is anything amiss I should heard of it,

About six weeks since Uncle had a letter from Stephen Williams Cardigan and said that you was poorly but I hope you are better at present. And he has sent us a red salmon for which the carage come to 6s 6d and we could buy a better one in London for less money.

I have no news at present worth notice but every thing is uncommon dull and dead hundreds out of employment

The Powdermills have not got but very little to do at present but by what I have heard it is very likely for another war for the french people will not have Louis to be on the throne they wishes to have young Prince of Orenge to be their King. Princess Charlotte of Wales was maried last thursday to a German Prince of about 500 £ per Anum income her wedding petticoat cost ten thousand pounds.

We are in great hope this lines will meet you in your usual health as we are at present exept Uncle he got rumitis in his foot.

Pray write as soon as you can and let us know how the things goes on there now. Pray remember me to all my frinds and acquaintances

so no more at present

Dl  Williams


Daniel’s letters: 20 July 1816 – unemployment, bad weather, and 1008 mile drover walk




R. 24th of July

Hounslow July 20th 1816

Dear Father and Mother

Your letter dated May the 21st I received the 25th of the same and very sorry to heard of your unhealthy state of health but in great hopes you are better at present. And to inform you that we are in our usual health and beg you to excuse me for not write sooner the reason is because I expect to be off from the powder mill before now for we have got but very little to do there at present.

Everything is dead and dull here and the weather is so bad and wet the workmen cannot get nothing to do great deal of hay has ?spall in this neighbourhood,

I hope you will take your time to write the next letter and let us know all the country news if time and leisure will permit

I have seen in the newspaper of one James Evans from Pembrokshire a drover he at Newmarket walk 1008 Miles in 18 days 56 Miles per Day and compleated it last friday week for considerable sum of money

Let us know how the cattle sell at Kilgerren faire, the provision is but very little cheaper here than they was time ago Market prices Beef from 8d to 9d  per lb Mutton from 7d  to 8d  veal 9d  to10d  per lb Bacon from 7d  to 11d  per lb Butter from 14d  to 17d  per lb cheese from 8d  to 12d  per lb Beer 4d  ½  per qr, Ale 8d  to10d  per qr

I am very glad to heard that my Brother came home safe and to hear that he setup in business at Cardigan I hope he will go on well

Pray remember me to my frinds and acquaintance I am your most obdient

Dl  Williams

Answered this 26 of August

Daniel’s letters: 22 September 1816 – visit of his brother Caleb, and a drowning near the powder mills




R. 28th of Sept’r

Hounslow September 22nd 1816

Dear Father Mother and Brothers

Your letter Dated 27th of August I received on the 30th and very sorry to heard of your unhealthy situation but in great hopes you  are  better at present –

My Brother Caleb came to see us on the7th In[stan]t  and staid till the 9th, and I received a letter to let me know that he was to sail on the 14th in ballast to Poole or Wales, he desired to be rememberd to you all – and let you know that he was well and hearty and hope you were the same –

Last week as a gentleman was angling Just below the Powdermills a man throw himself in to the water little distance off and the gentleman thought that he was batheing took no notice little while afterwards he went to the place and there he was found drowned himself with his hands tie on his back and his feet tie together he done it himself with his own garters

Dear Brother

I am extremly glad to heard that you are settle your self in bisiness at Cardigan, and in great hopes you will get along with prosperity, Pray write as aften as opportunity will permit your letter wil be allways excepable

I have no news at present worth notice but we are all in our usual health and in great hopes to have the same blessing news in answer to this

Give my best respects to all my friends at Cardigan

So no more at present from your most obdient

Dl Williams

Daniel’s letters: 2 March 1817 – change of job, from powder mill to threshing machine manufacture


R. 7th of Instant

Hounslow March 2nd 1817

Dear Father and Mother

Your letter dated January the 5th  I received on the 10th in which I hear you were very ill in health but I am in great hopes that you are better at present, I hope you will excuse me for not write sooner for the reason that have being off from the Powder Mills two Month ago and some time out employment since for there is nothing stiring in this Country at present and at the Powder Mills there is nothing to do only keep the old hands on, but I am in work at present in a thrashing Machine making line

I have no news at present worth mention but we are tolerable health and in great hopes to hear the same comfortable news in the answer to this,

My best respects to yourselves and remember me to all my friends and write as soon as opportunity will admit

I am your most obdient

Dl  Williams

Daniel’s letters: 14 June 1818 – wife unwell, and Battle of Waterloo celebrations



R. 25 Instant

Hounslow June 14 1818

Dear Father and Mother

I take the opportunity to write these lines to you and hope they will meet you in your usual health as we are at present all but my wife has been rather poorly for great while she send her love to you all likewise Uncle and Aunt. I rather wonder that I did not heard from you since I wrote on the 30th of Novebr last I wish to hear from you as soon as possible to know how you all are and to know whether Caleb is still at home I have no news to inform you at present only we still remain with Uncle and Aunt and I am goen back to the Powder Mills to Work

We expect to have a grand to do on Hounslow Heath on 18th of this Month in memory of the battle of Waterloo. There was five Reigments of Dragoons revewd on Hounslow Heath about a fortnight ago 1st & 2nd Reigt, of life guard Oxford Bluse, 10th Royal Huzzar and 19th lancirs

Please to give my best respect to all my friends and except the same Yourselfs

Dl Williams

Answear this 28 of June 1818